The role of Local Authorities in Ensuring Sustainable Tourism Development in Fanoe Island of Denmark

Human beings have undergone long progressive development that took millions of years to reach where they are now in terms of socio-cultural, economic, political and technological advancement. Despite having much positive contribution, the complication and sophistication of different industries have been growing from time to time and are posing threats to human kind especially through affecting the global environment thereby endangering the future health existence of the planet earth.

Middleton and Hawkins (1998:10) stated that, “From farming and fishing to the extraction of minerals and other finite resources such as timber, the impact of human economic activity generally, and the many forms of pollution to which it gives rise, has been pushing the limits of environmental tolerance at an accelerating rate”

One of the fast growing industries in our world is tourism having its prons and cons.  USAID document on Sustainable tourism states that “Tourism, in all of its forms, is arguably the largest industry in the world, having grown rapidly and almost continuously for the last 20 years. (USAID 2005:11)

Croall explained the negative impacts of tourism in this way: “A spectre is haunting our planet: the spectre of tourism. It’s said that travel broadens the mind. Today, in its modern guise of tourism, it can also ruin landscapes, destroy communities, pollute air and water, trivialise cultures, bring about uniformity, and generally contribute to the continuing degradation of life on our planet”. (Croall, 1995:1)

Therefore, tourism, besides its positive economic and other contributions, has constantly been negatively affecting the general environment that humans have to consider in their daily decision making process.

Agenda 21 of United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) emphasized on changing consumption patterns towards bringing about sustainable development through sustainable consumption patterns. The document argues governments, industries and other relevant groups, among other things, should assist consumers and encourage the expansion and design of environmentally related product information so that consumers will make informed choices.

This programme [Agenda 21] is concerned primarily with changes in unsustainable patterns of consumption and production and values that encourage sustainable consumption patterns and lifestyles. It requires the combined efforts of Governments, consumers and producers. Particular attention should be paid to the significant role played by women and households as consumers and the potential impacts of their combined purchasing power on the economy. (www source)

Thus, this gives a glimpse of understanding that there has to be, on the part of local authorities, an effort exerted in creating collaboration between different organs and bringing awareness on the potential impact of their combined effort in ensuring sustainable tourism development that affects the overall general environment. To this end, effective communication strategies have to be formulated and communicated to different stakeholders in order to claim their willful and enthusiastic cooperation in this regard.

In a sustainable tourism development scenario, the various stakeholders have not only the right to participate in the decision-making process, but have also the responsibility to adopt environmentally, socially and economically sustainable behaviors and practices. Communication processes can build awareness of this responsibility and persuade stakeholders that sustainable practices ultimately benefit their long-term interests. (UNWTO, WBD and USAID 2006:8)

Thus, in a view of involving stakeholders in decision making and creating awareness towards ensuring sustainable tourism development, this paper will try to look in to the extent to which the local authorities play their role with respect to promoting and ensuring sustainable tourism development at Fanoe Island in Denmark. Accordingly, the research question is:

What are the roles of local authorities to promote sustainable tourism development at Fanoe Island?


Ø  Croall, J. (1995) Preserve or Destroy: Tourism and the Environment. London: Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation

Ø  World Bank Development Communication Division – SDO, USAID Development Communication & Sustainable Tourism Unit; United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)Communication and sustainable tourism: the Role of Development Communication in Sustainable Tourism, 2006

Ø  USAID and Sustainable Tourism: Meeting Development Objectives, June 2005 Sustainable Tourism, May 29 – June 9, 2006

WWW Sources

One Response to “The role of Local Authorities in Ensuring Sustainable Tourism Development in Fanoe Island of Denmark”

  1. Gussa Haile Hambisa says:

    Dear all, here are some corrections to the above posted blog

    The research question is ” What are the roles of local authorities with respect to ensuring and promoting sustainable tourism development at Fanoe Island?

    References: Please include the underlisted reference as part of the sources.

    Middleton T.C Victor and Hawkins, Rebecca (1998) “Sustainable Tourism: A marketing Perspective” Butterworth-Heinemann.


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