I have a similar experience to Karla, which also influenced my research question.  While traveling in Malawi and Zambia, I noticed that most if not all of the safaris on offer were businesses owned by expatriates.  It lead me to think of how these businesses had an opportunity to do more for the people who worked for them than just paying them a good wage.  There seemed to be a lot of money made in the safari business, and I thought it was sad that people could come into these countries, build up a business, get rich, and then eventually retire back in their home countries.  These companies had the chance to change the lives of their staff and future generations, but instead most of the profit is ending up in another country.

I started to think about how I prefer to travel:  staying at homestays, using locally run tours and other services, shopping in the markets.  In terms of sustainable tourism, there will hopefully continue to be a trend for travelers to choose a community-based tourism service over a large-scale foreign-run business.

So at this point, my rough draft research question is:  How can a community-based sustainable tourism model be implemented in an already saturated expatriate-run market?

My outline will look something like this:

  • Introduction
  • Theory/Methodology (Constructivist approach)
  • Literature Review
  • Analysis of implementing community-based tourism
  • Results
  • Conclusion

Current References:

Blackstock, K.  (2005).  A Critical Look at Community Based Tourism.  Community Development Journal, 40(1), 39-49.

Jones, S.  (2005).  Community-based Ecotourism:  The Significance of Social Capital.  Annals of Tourism Research, 32(2), 303-324.

Manyara, G. & Jones, E.  (2007).  Community-based Tourism Enterprises Development in Kenya:  An Exploration of Their Potential as Avenues of Poverty Reduction.  Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 15(6) 628-644.

Murray, I. & Choi, H. C.  (2010).  Resident Attitudes Toward Sustainable Community Tourism.  Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 18(4), 575-594.

Saarinen, J., Becker F., Manwa, H., and Wilson, D. (Eds.).  (2009).  Sustainable Tourism in Southern Africa: Local Communities and Natural Resources in Transition.  Bristol:  Channel View Publications.

Wearing, S. & McDonald, M.  (2002).  The Development of Community-based Tourism:  Re-thinking the Relationship Between Tour Operators and Development Agents as Intermediaries in Rural and Isolated Area Communities.  Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 10(3), 191-206.



2 Responses to “”

  1. Janne Liburd says:

    Interesting choice, you may want to limit your focus geographically and use a/comparative case study.
    You may want to look at this:

    Tourism routes as a tool for the economic development of
    rural areas—vibrant hope or impossible dream?
    Jenny Briedenhann*, Eugenia Wickens (2004) Tourism Management.

  2. Katherine Leum says:

    I meant to include that I intended to narrow down the scope to a particular region (yet to be determined). I will definitely do a comparative case study and will look at the article you mentioned! Thanks for the feedback.

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