2011 EMTM/Cand negot blog

Island as an Island; World for its own

Tuesday, September 25th, 2012


An island always awakes some deeper emotions in a man. That is mostly why living on an island makes you more calm with your inner self. Inhabitants are happy except during summers. Even though they raise our budget, tourists are not fully appreciated. This is the fact, not just on the islands but in general.

Sustainability is not accomplishable in terms we would like her to be. But still there is always more to be done. Fanoe is a type of a tourist destination which is facing great declines in overnights and visits. So it needs face lifting. Not just Fanoe but entire Denmark should change its marketing concept because “Visit Denmark” or “Visit Fanoe” in terms of today’s tourism market isn’t nearly enough.

A path towards the placement piece of Fanoe under UNESCO protection is the best thing that can happen to the not just the island but to the entire region. Even tourism isn’t the main concern of Denmark in terms of primary industries, it should be more important as one of the main engines which can run the sustainable development.

Fanoe has a chance to become a trend setter for this in entire country. Due to the profile of his inhabitants, his rich nature potentials and the fact it is a municipality for itself he can generate high values for himself, Denmark and the world.


Plitvice lakes National Park, Croatia

During high season there are more than 20.000 people on daily basis visiting the park. Rangers can’t control every single visitor to obey all the rules, but each guide and tour leader is aware of the importance which preservation of nature in that place has for us all. So they take responsibility to warn guests of certain misbehaviors which harm the nature.

Again the problems don’t lie in capacity of Fanoe nor the lack of hotels or similar, but in the lack of unite strategy. It is even not a problem to attract new guests (make a party beach), but to keep a good balance between nature, human in the middle and modern lifestyle. Mission, vision, goals, action, observation, reconstruction other words management.

A feet in the Wadden Sea..

Monday, September 3rd, 2012

As I learned during our trip on Mandoe Island, this island is part of the Wadden Sea Natural Park and counts today many varieties of birds and different species. Due to its location and due to the weather conditions of this area, the development of human settlements and the cultivation of the land encountered many difficulties. As a consequence, tourism development must (and had to) adapt itself to this special environment.

During the last centuries this island has been hit by great storms floods which had a great impact on the population until today. Indeed, nowadays Mandoe’ total population barely reaches 35 inhabitants.

The environmental constraints made (and still today) the access to the island difficult and restricted the possibilities to develop tourism. However, in the same time, it has permitted to protect the environment and the natural diversity of this island.

We reached the island at a specific hour and with adapted vehicles (tractor buses). The phenomenon of low and high tide does not allow people to go on the island at any time or with any kind of transportation.

Sustainable tourism development is already present on this island because of different activities available on the island (biking, seal safari,..) respectful of the environment. It is possible to visit few places such as the Mandoe Museum or to visit and participate to activities organized by the center dedicated to this island. They contribute, in this measure, to stimulate the cultural side of tourism attractions.


It is obvious that dangerous weather conditions highly limit the development of tourism on this island. Indeed, we had an overview of the impact of storm floods in the video projection showed by the center. However, an adapted tourism could be established during the safest periods of the year.

Sustainable tourism development could be pursued because of the important wildlife that already exists. Mandoe Island could be a place where tourists could observe this great array of species and learn more about it.

When I first arrived on this island, I had the impression that it was such a quiet and peaceful place far away from the mainland population. Mandoe could attract a special type of tourists that research quiet, nature and an environment far from civilization. They could focus on the development of a center on the island for tourists which could offer a healthy environment combining the natural environment with the promotion of organic food and sports.

A few sports are already offered on this island such as biking and hiking. Still, eventualities of developing sea activities mostly during summer could be considered. For instance, stand up paddle surfing (SUP) could be experienced during low tide if the weather and sea conditions allow it. This type of tourism would reflect the actual lifestyle of the inhabitants of this island. This new center could transfer a part of its benefits to the local community in order to develop the construction of higher dykes. My perception after our trip was that another type of tourism could have been established if weather conditions would have been more adequate.

A further research on the precise conditions of the sea (tides, streams…) and of the weather during the different seasons of the year could be undertaken in order to figure if this way of developing tourism on Mandoe Island would be possible.

E-tivity phase 3

Wednesday, November 9th, 2011

These are the two texts about authenticity in tourism I have chosen:

Seeking the real Spain? Authenticity in Motivation

Annals of Tourism Research Volume 26, Issue 1, 1 January 1999, Pages 110-129

Jo Waller, Stephen E.G. Lea

When we travel to Spain we do not want just another vacation by the pool or in the bar doing things we just as well could have been doing in Greece or Italy. We want to know how Spain differs from other countries, what Spain has to offer that other countries do not. We want to have a real Spanish experience that we can only get in Spain and not just a superficial standard holiday package we can get anywhere around the world. We want the Spanish authenticity. We get this by visiting local history sights and experiencing something that is unique for the particular place we chose to visit.


The Tourist (1976)

MacCannell, Dean

MacCannel describes the concept of staged authenticity which he also calls object authenticity. This is when you as a tourist are made to believe that everything is as real and authentic as possible and you can feel that you are living along the same lines as the locals and experiencing what it is like to live in their environment for a week or two.


These are two very good pieces of literature regarding authenticity in tourism and the importance and need for authenticity for tourists, real or not.


APA Format

Thursday, October 27th, 2011

Here is the website that should help answer all of your questions…

You’ll have to copy and paste as the iPad won’t let me link it.

New RQ

Wednesday, October 5th, 2011

What is the role of cultural authenticity in indigenous STD? Case of Kapawi Ecolodge and Shiripuno Lodge in the Ecuadorian Amazon.

* NOTE: I might broaden my scope to the larger ethnotourism activity in the area (depending on how much information I can acquire from the ecolodges’ websites and from contacting them)


– The Ecuadorian Amazon and its indigenous communities
– What are ecolodges and what ethnotouristic opportunities do they offer? A look at Kapawi Ecolodge or Shiripuno Lodge as an Example (OR Typology of Ethnotourism in Ecuadorian Amazon and the ethnotouristic opportunities available)
– Cultural Authenticity, The Tourist’s Gaze, and the Commodification of Indigenous Cultures
– Effects of Ethnotourism: In what ways do they contribute (or not contribute) to the sustainable development of the communities?
– Discussion
– Conclusion

Literature Review:

Hutchins, F. 2007. Footprints in the Forest: Ecotourism and Altered Meanings in Ecuador’s Upper Amazon. The Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Anthropology.

Maria Victoria Reyes, (2010) “Tourism strategies for “advantaging” the Amazon rainforest region: The Ecuador model”, Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, Vol. 2 Iss: 2, pp.163 – 172

Lemky, Kim M. K. (1992). The Amazon rainforest ecotourism industry of Napo, Ecuador.http://hdl.handle.net/10393/7716

Philip L. P. (1995). From culture shock and culture arrogance to culture exchange: Ideas towards sustainable socio-cultural tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 3 (3), pp. 143-154.

Shamans and shams: The discursive effects of ethnotourism in Ecuador. VM Davidov – The Journal of Latin American and Caribbean …, 2010

Stronza, Amanda. (2008) Through a New Mirror: Reflections on Tourism and Identity in the Amazon. Human Organization, 67 (3).



Wednesday, October 5th, 2011

Ecotourism have a lot of aspects, but I have choosen
to look in to Ecolabels and the way they are using them in hotels, such as
Scandic Hotels. But I can’t stop thinking if they mean anything for the
consumers when they pick a hotel and also if they mean what the label stands
for and which obligations the hotel commits to when they have these labels.  Do Ecolabels really work?


What is the relationship between the Scandic Hotels’ use of Ecolabels and STD?



(Journals, report)

  • HORESTA and the green key Eco-label,
    Danish chamber of commerce



Font, Xavier, Buckley, Ralf,
2001; Tourism Ecolabelling – certification and promotion of
sustainable management

Honey, Martha, 2002; Ecotourism and certification –
setting standards in practice

Black, Rosemary, Crabtree, Alice, 2007, Quality
assurance and certification in ecotourism

Annals of Tourism Research, vol.29, 2002; Buckley,
Ralf, Tourism Ecolables


research question

Saturday, October 1st, 2011

Research Question:

How does the lack of legislative influence by UNESCO affect the sustainable development of the sites.  A case study of Machu Piccu’s dilemma of universal versus monetary value .

New Research Question:

How does the selection of the UNESCO world heritage convention affect the sustainable development of the sites and its surroundings?  A case study of Machu Piccu’s dilemma of universal versus monetary value .

Some literature i got inspired by:

Cameron, C., Rössler, M.: Voices of the pioneers: UNESCO’s World Heritage Convention 1972-2000 , Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development, Vol. 1 No. 1, 2011 (pp. 42-54)

Ryan, J., Silvanto, S.: A brand for all the nations The development of the World Heritage Brand in emerging markets, Marketing Intelligence & Planning, Vol. 29 No. 3, 2011 (pp. 305-318)

von Droste, B., :  The concept of outstanding universal value and its application “From the seven wonders of the ancient world to the 1,000 world heritage places today”, Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development, Vol. 1 No. 1, 2011 (pp. 26-41)


Sibylle Randoll

E-tivity 3 : RQ

Friday, September 30th, 2011

RQ:  How  are the CSR bottom lines  taken into consideration by the romanian tour operators?




Analysis / Description of the results










Research question: Mass Tourism vs Sustainable development in Bulgaria

Friday, September 30th, 2011

As a tourist guide, seeing a mass tourism development in the most frequent summer resorts in Turkey and  Bulgaria, especially in Sunny Beach area,  I was always thinking about the sustainability of this destination. Well, at first sight, an independent observer can not feel that this region is aiming to be “attractive” or “profitable” in long term view when allocating 400 000 tourists at a time in a destination that even is not legally considered as a town. Sustainability is rather a definition in many reports than a widely used strategy implemented  in destination management. Thousands of tourists coming in a period of three months bring about different issues concerning the sustainable development. Crowded beaches, all inclusive hotels, rising inflation, flourishing sex tourism and crime – these are just some of the effects that tourism drives these days in Bulgaria.

In my paper I would like to have a look at the possible ways of bringing the mass tourism destinations to more sustainable spots of tourism that are likely to be competitive in the long term view. With special focus on Sunny Beach, Bulgaria I will like to demonstrate the negative effect of mass tourism on a destination and local community. A questionnaire asking people that visited Bulgaria in recent years should bring pros and cons of the destination in terms of attractiveness, customer’s needs and satisfaction or possible development.

Old RQ:  How can mass tourism destinations turn into sustainable tourism spots ?   

New RQ: What are the alternatives to (modern) mass tourism ?




new research question

Thursday, September 29th, 2011

New research question: “What are the opportunities and challenges for implementing ecotourism as a sustainable tourism development strategy. The case of Girona”

I will keep the structure of the paper. Of course it can change during the process.

–  Introduction 

–          Research question

–          Methodology

–          Analysis

–          Conclusions and Evaluations

–          References


As one of the most important destinations of sun and beach in Europe and in Spain,  I would like to pay special attention to the countryside region of Girona.  Most of the tourists come to La Costa Brava for the sun and beaches but most of them unknow the rest of the region.  I would like to relate this idea with the Ecoturism, so my research question would be:

How can be the ecoturism implemented/improved in the countryside region of Girona as a new way of sustainable tourism and an alternative to sun and beach tourism/mass tourism?”

I still have many ideas in my mind but the structure of the paper would be:

–  Introduction 

–          Research question

–          Methodology

–          Analysis

–          Conclusions and Evaluations

–          References



Research Question

Thursday, September 29th, 2011

 old rq: How can tourism contribute towards sustainable mountain development? The case of the Himalayas.

new rq: How can tourism reduce vulnerability of mountain communities to global challenges? The case of the Himalayas.

Agenda 21 of the UN Conference on Environment and Development stated that nearly half of the world’s population is affected in various ways by mountain ecology; tourism role in contribution to mountain communities has also been addresses. I would like to research how can tourism contribute towards sustainable mountain development and conservation regarding economy, environment and local communities.

Possible structure:

  • Introduction
  • RQ and limitations
  • Research methodology (paradigm)
  • Literature review (concept of sustainability of the mountain region)
  • Analysis (how to plan and manage the development of tourism in more sustainable, pro-poor, inclusive and participatory way)
  • Evaluation and discussion of the results ()
  • Conclusion
  • Future research


Pamela Godde (1998), Community-Based Mountain Tourism: Practices for Linking Conservation with Enterprise

Godde, P. Price, Martin F. Zimmerman, F. M., Tourism and Development in Mountain Regions

ICIMOD, Integrated Tourism Concepts to contribute to sustainable mountain development in Nepal


Thursday, September 29th, 2011

In my Bachelor course I was usually given topics that did not require a lot of primary data collection but mainly secondary data analysis. That is one of the reasons why I chose the following research question  as it gives me a chance to gather and work with data collected by myself  and also it gives the opportunity to explore (through secondary data) the destinations of my interest, which will be specified in the ‘limitations’ section.

Research Question:

Driving and maintaining a sustainable tourism development of destinations by tour operators based in Esbjerg. What are the policies and actions undertaken?  What was and what needs to be improved?

The structure:

–          Introduction

–          Research Question and limitations

–          Methodology (paradigm, research design)

–          Findings (primary data)

–          Secondary data analysis and discussion

–          Evaluation

–          Conclusion

–          Future research




Thursday, September 29th, 2011

I have a similar experience to Karla, which also influenced my research question.  While traveling in Malawi and Zambia, I noticed that most if not all of the safaris on offer were businesses owned by expatriates.  It lead me to think of how these businesses had an opportunity to do more for the people who worked for them than just paying them a good wage.  There seemed to be a lot of money made in the safari business, and I thought it was sad that people could come into these countries, build up a business, get rich, and then eventually retire back in their home countries.  These companies had the chance to change the lives of their staff and future generations, but instead most of the profit is ending up in another country.

I started to think about how I prefer to travel:  staying at homestays, using locally run tours and other services, shopping in the markets.  In terms of sustainable tourism, there will hopefully continue to be a trend for travelers to choose a community-based tourism service over a large-scale foreign-run business.

So at this point, my rough draft research question is:  How can a community-based sustainable tourism model be implemented in an already saturated expatriate-run market?

My outline will look something like this:

  • Introduction
  • Theory/Methodology (Constructivist approach)
  • Literature Review
  • Analysis of implementing community-based tourism
  • Results
  • Conclusion

Current References:

Blackstock, K.  (2005).  A Critical Look at Community Based Tourism.  Community Development Journal, 40(1), 39-49.

Jones, S.  (2005).  Community-based Ecotourism:  The Significance of Social Capital.  Annals of Tourism Research, 32(2), 303-324.

Manyara, G. & Jones, E.  (2007).  Community-based Tourism Enterprises Development in Kenya:  An Exploration of Their Potential as Avenues of Poverty Reduction.  Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 15(6) 628-644.

Murray, I. & Choi, H. C.  (2010).  Resident Attitudes Toward Sustainable Community Tourism.  Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 18(4), 575-594.

Saarinen, J., Becker F., Manwa, H., and Wilson, D. (Eds.).  (2009).  Sustainable Tourism in Southern Africa: Local Communities and Natural Resources in Transition.  Bristol:  Channel View Publications.

Wearing, S. & McDonald, M.  (2002).  The Development of Community-based Tourism:  Re-thinking the Relationship Between Tour Operators and Development Agents as Intermediaries in Rural and Isolated Area Communities.  Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 10(3), 191-206.



research question and literature review by Irina Shapovalova

Thursday, September 29th, 2011

I was impressed by a visit to the Ribe Viking Centre and would like to take it as an object of my research in Sustainable tourism development. The idea is to depict the Centre as an example of man-made sustainable tourism destination. The word “sustainable” in this case applies not only to eco-safety and careful resource management, but also to building mutually beneficial relationships with local communities, state institutions, employees and tourists themselves. And this is actually what I observed while being there and what is written on the Centre website.

The research title can be the following:

Analyzing a tourism destination within the framework of sustainable tourism development: A case study of Ribe Viking Centre.

Within this work I am going to answer the following research questions:

1. Do organization and activities of Ribe Viking centre comply with the core principles of sustainable tourism development?

2. What innovations, difficulties or shortcomings on the way to create and maintain a sustainable tourism destination is revealed on the Viking Centre’s example?

3. What practices applied there can be useful for other institutions in the field of tourism?

The expected result – a descriptive research which reviews the Centre’s organization and everyday activity through the framework of Sustainable Tourism Development. It is planned as a case study which can lead to recommendations how to make the Viking Centre more sustainable or what parts of its experience in sustainable development can be transfered to other similar institutions.

In general the research is planned as mostly qualitative, based on personal experience of people which drives them to visit or not to visit, do get involved into this activity as viewers or as participants, and to organize this business one way or another.

So main sources of research data will be in-depth  interviews with the Viking Centre managers and representatives of some of the Centre’s partnering institutions, and maybe visitors. If it is possible, I will add some quantitative data to illustrate the effect of the Centre on the attractiveness of Ribe county for tourists. Of course, revision of academic literature for key parameters of sustainable development is also required.

Literature review:

The main blocks in the academic framework are Understanding the sustainable development of tourism, edited by J.J. Liburd and D. Edwards, 2010, and Research Methods for leisure and tourism by A.J. Veal, Prentice Hall 2006.

The example of research on a similar object and from a similar point of view is provided in Cases from the Experience Economy edited by Anders Soerensen and Jon Sundbo, published jointly by:CELFCenter for Leisure Management Research,Nykшbing Falster,Denmark andRoskildeUniversity, Roskilde,Denmark. In this book The  Medieval  Centre is described as  social  innovation  in heritage tourism, which seems coherent with the idea of sustainable tourism development.

The statistical background on tourism in the region I found in Quality Status Report 2009

WADDEN SEA ECOSYSTEM No. 25, created by Common Wadden Sea Secretariat.

The same is about Modelling the seasonality of hotel nights in Denmark by county and nationality by Nils Karl Soerensen, Danish Institute of Border Region Studies, who analyzed the dynamics of overnight stays numbers in the region from 1970 till 1996.

Also seems useful a publication by Can-Seng Ooi, Ph.D. CRAFTING TOURISM EXPERIENCES:  MANAGING THE ATTENTION PRODUCT (Copenhagen Business School, Department of International Economics and Management, Howitzvej 60, DK-2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark), who revises organization and presentation of  cultural tourism destinations using the research instruments of cognitive psychology.

The literature review was conducted within all available to SDU electronic library system databases and open internet sources. Somehow I didn’t found any published research on Ribe Viking Centre as a tourism destination and supposition that such do not exist at all seems unlikely. So I consider this review incomplete and will try to find other academic sources.



Phase3. Research Question scheme

Thursday, September 29th, 2011

As I always like to go off the beaten track and looking for the adventure and danger I choose the Backpcker Tourism to my topic. In my paper I would like to give an insight both in to the life of backpackers and local host communities life and the way they thinking about sustainability of tourism. Furthermore, I would like to understand the impact of backpacker tourism to the local communities life.

Beside the official literature my intention is to collect the blog comments related to the topic and using them in the qualitative method to understand the most important charasteristics of the backpackers tourism. Blog comments might not official, but  today’s internet revolution “force me” to use them. Through my paper I try to focus on environmental awareness of both side and pros and cons.

So my RQ could be : Which ethical values and behavioural patterns decide the backpacker tourists and the local business operations (hostels, the facilities of hostels, transportation etc.)? Are these values and patterns make them eco-friendly and sustainable?



Theoretical framework:

Analysis, discussion:




Bibliography: (under process-plenty of papers, thesis, internet sites)

Backpacker Tourism
Concepts and Profiles
Edited by
Kevin Hannam and Irena Ateljevic
Clevedon . Buffalo • Toronto




Sorry for the lengthy description

Thursday, September 29th, 2011


When I was in El Salvador lying on a hammock and sipping my cocktail at an illegal hostel (not paying taxes) owned by foreigners I observed something that really angered me.

Three people without residence permits whose purpose was to cater to travelers wishing to go surfing owned the old building. They had already set up a website, etc. As such, it needed a few touch ups, and it was decided that a mini bar with a thatched roof to serve drinks properly would be a perfect addition to this old building.

The owners decided to employ a young boy who happened to be walking by to collect 40 leaves and in return they would pay him a total of $1. The boy of about 10 happily agreed, as $1 is a considerable amount of money to a young boy in El Salvador (side note: the owners were selling beer for $1 and had sold copious amounts to my friends and I that day). When the boy returned after about 30 minutes with his 40 leaves, the owners inspected the leaves and decided that half were not adequate for the aesthetics of the roof and so, the boy returned to collect more.

In the end, the boy received $1 to which he protested, as it was not part of the original agreement that he needed to find nice looking leaves. The owners refused to pay him any more money so the boy left and the owners reflected on the comical aspect of having a little fun with a local kid.

Having studied about tourism in local communities and knowing that it could also have negative effects, I sheepishly protested (and left shortly after…) to this unfair payment of wages. The owners laughed it off with the argument that “that’s more than he’ll ever make in a day”. That may be true, but this made me think of my own position in the hammock that day. I had the means to travel to observe this incident, but the child would probably never (assumption) have the means to come and watch me, or the owners, or my friends work where I live, let alone visit the neighboring country. The concept of fair trade, rights, and community empowerment is also applied to tourism but does it (can it) also go hand in hand with sustainable tourism development (including positive behavioral changes)?

…and so my unrefined question is:

How can (does) empowerment of communities and improvement of local rights contribute to sustainable tourism development in developing countries?*

A case study analysis to create a framework for best practices

 *I also could not ignore the fact that the reverse may also exist.

i.e. How can sustainable tourism development contribute to community empowerment and improvement of local rights in developing countries?

 Research Paper Outline

  • Title Page
  • Abstract
  • Table of Contents
  • Introduction
  • Methodology
  • Results and Discussion
  • Conclusion and Recommendations
  • References

Initial Bibliography

  1. Cousins, B. & Kepe, T. (2004). Decentralisation When Land and Resource Rights are Deeply Contested: A Case Study of the Mkambati Ecotourism Project on the Wild Coast of South Africa. European Journal of Development Research, 16(1), pp. 37-50.
  2. Goodwin, H. & Roe, D. (2001). Tourism, Livelihoods and Protected Areas: opportunities for Fair-trade Tourism in and Around National Parks. International Journal of Tourism Research, 3, pp. 377-391.
  3. Neto, F. (2003). A New Approach to Sustainable Tourism Development: Moving Beyond Environmental Protection. Natural Resources Forum, 27, pp. 212-222.
  4. Philip L. P. (1995). From culture shock and culture arrogance to culture exchange: Ideas towards sustainable socio-cultural tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 3 (3), pp. 143-154.
  5. Robinson, M. (1999). Collaboration and Cultural Consent: Refocusing Sustainable Tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 7(3-4), pp. 379-397.
  6. Sanjay K. N. (1997). Sustainable tourism, protected areas and livelihood needs of local communities in developing countries. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, 4(2), pp. 123-135.
  7. Scheyvens, R. (1999). Ecotourism and the empowerment of local communities. Tourism Management, 20, pp. 245-249.
  8. http://www.tourismconcern.org.uk/

Research question

Thursday, September 29th, 2011

When I was deciding on the RQ for sustainable tourism development, I was thinking about the group of small islands- Solovetsky islands- in my home region that are now experiencing a number of problems.

One of these problems is the ethical side of tourism there. Historically  one of the most ascetic russian monasteries is located there that served as a soviet concentration camp during 1923-1939. The unique history of the islands demands some ethical issues for the tourism industry there that should not harm the residents of the monastery as well as respect the tragic history of the islands during the soviet time.

So my RQ is “What are the ethical considerations in STD. The case of the Solovetsky islands (Russia)?”

The structure of the research work:


Research question


Theoretical framework

Analysis ( overall situation, impacts of uncontrolled tourism, tourism planning, ways out)



STD Class – Research Question E-tivity 3

Wednesday, September 28th, 2011

Geologically, Indonesia is located in the very unique position. It is a meeting point of several tectonic plates, located between two continental plates: the Eurasian Plate (Sunda Shelf) and Australian Plate (Sahul Shelf); and between two oceanic plates: the Indian Plate and Pacific Plate. Therefore, the country has numerous active volcanoes, there are about 400 volcanoes across the archipelago, and 130 of them is still active.  Indonesia is also located in the line of Pasific Ring of Fire.

This volcanoes have attracted many tourists local and from around the world to see the beauty of the nature and the power of the volcanoes, and become one of the best tourist destination Indonesia has to offer. Yet, as it is an active volcano, it still possess huge danger for human kind especially when it is erupting.

One of the most popular mountain for ecotourism spot is Mt. Merapi, in Java Island. This mountain was erupting in the late October 2010, killed 165 people, displaced hundreds of thousands of residents, and destroyed large amount of forest in its slope.

Merapi slope is densely populated area where many people rely their life on the resources from the mountain. Many people in the sorrounding region is depending on tourism sector, as Mt. Merapi is one of the main attraction for tourists. Therefore, the urgency to restore the ecotourism area in Mt. Merapi is really essential for the life of local people.

Meanwhile, the restoration and reconstruction of the ecotourism area in Mt. Merapi should also consider the possibility for future eruption, since more likely it will happen again sooner or later. Some efforts should be conducted in order to protect the vegetation in the area to grow as the previous condition so that it is still attractive for visitors, and also to prevent for more damage and loss of human life in the future disaster.

Therefore, my research question would be:

How to restore and resconstruct the ecotourism area in Mt. Merapi after eruption 2010 into more sustainable for local resident and tourists facing the posibility of future eruption?

The possible structure of my paper is as followed:

  • Introduction
  • Research question and limitations
  • Methodology
  • Teory and literature review on post disaster management crisis, especially about mountain eruption.
  • Brief information on ecotourism in Mt. Merapi and description of October 2010 Eruption
  • Suggestions of sustainable restoration and reconstruction activities
  • Conclusion





How do zoos fit into the concept of sustainability?

Wednesday, September 28th, 2011

One of the principles of sustainability is to consider the interests of all parties including local communities, suppliers, employees, tourists, the environment and the society. I am very interested in the field of animal protection so I would like to add the interests of animals involved in tourism. First thing about Esbjerg that I liked was the deer park and the seal safari tour where it is possible to see seals in their natural environment. Although we all have visited zoos in some point of our life, for all animal lovers it is really sad to look animals in cages. Zoos are also significant tourist attraction in many cities around the world.

The emphasis of zoos for a long period of time had been recreation, research and education. Today because of the animal rights movements and the publication of the World Zoo Conservation Strategy many zoos are called to become centers of conservation rather than living museums. The World Association of Zoos and Aquaria Conservation Strategy assert that zoos can play a vital role in conservation by educating zoo visitors about conservation.

My research question could be: How do zoos fit into the concept of sustainability?

The possible structure of my paper could be as following:

  1. Introduction
  2. Methodology and Limitations
  3. Human-animal relations in tourism
  4. Role of zoos in tourism
  5. Case study of zoo in Copenhagen (or another zoo in Denmark)
  6. Evaluation of collected data
  7. Conclusion
  8. References:
  • Randall C. and Rollins R.B. (2009): Visitor Perceptions of the Role of Tour Guides in Natural Areas, Journal of Sustainable Tourism 17(3): 357-374
  • Smith L.D.G., Broad S. and Weiler B. (2008): A closer examination of the impact of zoo visits on visitor behavior, Journal of Sustainable Tourism 16(5): 544-562
  • Packer J., Ballantyne R. and Falk J. (2010): Exploring the impacts of wildlife tourism experiences on visitors’ long-term environmental learning and behavior, Journal of the International Zoo Educators Association
  • Philo C. and Wilbert C. (2005): Animal spaces beastly places, new geographic of human-animal relations.
  • www.waza.org



The Community of Fanoe

Wednesday, September 28th, 2011
How can community collaboration on Fanoe facilitate STD on the island?

Research question

Wednesday, September 28th, 2011

I am interested in researching about the influence of green urbanism in STD. I first came up with this idea of crossing this two disciplines (sustainable tourism and green urbanism) when I heard about Fano’s policy to avoid overbuilding in the island.

After reading some papers more or less related to the topic I’m making this RQ:  How does ‘green urbanism’ contribute to sustainable tourism development?

This is the structure of the paper so far:

1) Introduction

2) RQ  and methodology

3) Literature review: What is ‘green urbanism’ and what does it have in common with sustainable tourism.

4) Analysis of therole of green urbanism in the different approaches that touristic locations have implemeted towards sustainability.

5) Evaluation

6) Conclusion

7) Future research

8 ) References



-P. Katz (1994)  ” The new urbanism: Toward an architecture of community”

-T. Beatley(1999) “Green urbanism: Learning from European cities”

-Calthorpe,  Fulton,  Fishman (2001) “Regional City : New Urbanism and the End of Sprawl”

-“T. Beatley (1997) “The ecology of place : planning for environment, economy, and community”

-K.Simpson (2001) “Strategic Planning and Community Involvement as Contributors to Sustainable Tourism Development” Current Issues Of Tourism vol 4 nº 1   2001

– R. Dodds (2007) “Sustainable Tourism and Policy Implementation: Lessons from the case of Calviá, Spain” Current Issues Of Tourism vol 10 nº 4 2007.

-N Nasser (2003) “Planning for urban heritaage places: Reconciling conservation, tourism and sustainable development” Journal of Planning Literature vol. 17 nº4  2003.






Cruising in polar regions

Wednesday, September 28th, 2011

The growth of cruise tourism is phenomenal. The revival of cruising has taken place in the last four decades and today it forms growing part in the global tourism industry. One of the trends in cruise industry is cruising to polar regions, where tourists can come in touch with the intact nature.

Compared with the millions who visit recognized tourist destinations elsewhere on Earth by air, or fewer millions who travel to them by ship, the numbers of visitors to polar regions may appear inconsequential. But in the rapidity of their increase they appear nothing short of alarming (Luck, Maher & Stewart, 2010).

In my research I want to focus on polar regions that are very sensitive to any kind of degradation. What is the harm caused by cruiser ships? How tourist activities affect the nature? At the same time I would like to have a closer look into how much promotion is done to educate tourists about the sensitivity of nature and consequences of their acts that are reflected in polar regions.

Regarding to that, my research question would be:

How does cruising in polar regions affect environment and tourist’s perception of acting sustainable?


Structure of the paper:

  1. Introduction
  2. Research question
  3. Methodology
  4. Theoretical framework
  5. Analysis
  6. Evaluation
  7. Conclusion






Wednesday, September 28th, 2011

In my Bachelor course I was usually given topics that did not require a lot of primary data collection but mainly secondary data analysis. That is one of the reasons why I chose the following research question  as it gives me a chance to gather and work with data collected by myself  and also it gives the opportunity to explore (through secondary data) the destinations of my interest, which will be specified in the ‘limitations’ section.

Research Question:

Driving and maintaining a sustainable tourism development of destinations by tour operators based in Esbjerg. What are the policies and actions undertaken?  What was and what needs to be improved?

The structure:

–          Introduction

–          Research Question and limitations

–          Methodology (paradigm, research design)

–          Findings (primary data)

–          Secondary data analysis and discussion

–          Evaluation

–          Conclusion

–          Future research




Wednesday, September 28th, 2011

When I think about sustainable tourism, the first thing that comes to my mind is whether it is possible to implement and develop a “sustainability phenomena” in my country (Georgia). Is sustainability a luxury? Is it achievable in the developing countries?

I decided to write about one of the most beautiful National Parks of Georgia called “Mtirala”  National Park, which has recently been opened as a tourist destination.  I would like to go deeper in the legislation of the above mentioned protected area and study its sustainable tourism experience (if any)

“Mtirala” National Park is located in Adjara (one of the regions of Georgia, located on the east coast of Black sea). The region mostly concentrates on seaside tourism, which is seasonal of course.  The protected area (if operated properly) would contribute much more tourists (multi seasonal) to the region. Therefore my RQ would be: How can national park development contribute to STD? The case of Mtirala National Park.



Presumable structure of the paper:

  • Introduction
  • RQ & possible limitations
  • Methodology
  • Literature review
  • Analyses & Discussion

I would like to analyze:

What kinds of tourism can be developed in the area?

What is to be done in terms of sustainable development and any possible experiences of it?

How can we make the impact of tourists’ footprint less harmful for the nature/natural springs/animals etc.

How local society can be involved in the activities?

Why is it important etc.

  • Conclusion



Etivity3: The influence of eco-labels on tourists’ choices

Wednesday, September 28th, 2011







We all have probably already seen one of these logos: do we really know what do they mean?

Eco-labels: it is said, that one of the main reasons why they should be gained is the competitive advantage that they will bring. The label is supposed to make the product to some extent fashionable for those customers who do care about the environmental impact of their consumption.

To date existing labels are numerous. This plethora of recognitions make it difficult for the customer, especially in the international market of tourism, to understand what they actually signalize.

After the last discussion we had in class about the consumer power on the industry of tourism, I thought about these labels, and the fact that they should represent the environmental commitment of the destination/company. If we were able to understand their meaning properly, would we consider them as a relevant element of our choices in order to contribute to the sustainable development of tourism?

I would like to focus on how to make more understandable the information carried by the eco-labels starting from the analysis of the European Blue Flag.

My Research Question will be:

“How can ecolabels influence consumer’s choice for more sustainable tourism products?”


1)    Introduction

  1. What is an eco-label?
  2.  Which eco-labels exist to date?

2)    The blue flag: the commitment of the destinations that own the label and the accreditation scheme.

3)    Overview of the results of publications on the topic: why to gain an eco-label and how do consumer react to eco-labels.

4)    Discussion and analysis based on the results of the secondary research:

  1. Do tourists understand what the label signalizes?
  2. Do they rely on the label?
  3. How can an eco-label be effective in influencing the tourist choice for more sustainable destinations and services?

5)    Conclusions: how did the research give the rise to new questions and how did it highlight the need for further research.

The reference which has been the main inspiration for my research question is

Ralf Buckley, Griffith University, Australia

2002, TOURISM ECOLABELS in Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 183–208


Albania –

Wednesday, September 28th, 2011

Analyzing Albania as a developing tourism destination, how can they create a sustainable  tourism industry for the future?




Literature review





Couchsurfing and Sustainability

Wednesday, September 28th, 2011

The advent of Web 2.0 and low-cost carriers have made it possible for social innovations in virtual hospitality exchange to steadily increase in popularity. Though there are many other hospex online communities (e.g., Globalfreeloaders.com, Bewelcome.org, etc.), Couchsurfing.org remains to be the biggest and most popular. Current membership is over 3 million, and the average weekly number of sign-ups last month was almost 24,000.

Couchsurfing is often considered as a ‘greener,’ more alternative form of tourism—mostly because it is a replacement for hotels and other traditional accommodation options that presumably have worse environmental impacts. It is also praised for promoting more authentic experiences of peoples and places.

In this paper, I would also like to delve into the ways that CS is not sustainable (if any), and therefore ways in which CS can encourage its participants to be sustainable. Because there has been very little written about the sustainability of CS, it would be useful to summarize its current state. Unfortunately, most of the discourse about its sustainability is still in blog form (unorganized opinion) and other small websites.

Research Question: Is Couchsurfing truly sustainable? With its increasing numbers, could Couchsurfing.org become increasingly unsustainable?

Examples of some issues I would like to explore:

  • Sustainable Couch, which is “a movement for engaging CouchSurfers in reducing the negative impacts of tourism on local cultures and the environment.”
  • Couchsurfing.org’s transition from non-profit corporation into a for-profit B-corporation and protests against its transition.
  • CS evades hotel chains, but it does not evade carbon emissions.

Proposed outline
Couchsurfing as Alternative Tourism
Couchsurfers, hosts and operators on Sustainability Tourism
Methodology and Analysis
Findings and Recommendations


CouchSurfing – Statistics. (2011, September 28). Couchsurfing.org. Retrieved September 28, 2011,     from http://www.couchsurfing.org/statistics.html

Sustainable Couch. (2011). Sustainablecouch.org. Retrieved September 28, 2011, from http://www.sustainablecouch.org/

Wednesday, September 28th, 2011

After living one month in Esbjerg, I cannot help, but wonder about the popularity of cycling here. This results in sustainable environment where fewer cars are used and so the pollution caused by exhaust fumes is diminished. Furthermore, while working with incoming tourism in Riga, I noticed the tendency of growth in demand for cycling tourism. Therefore, my research question for this paper would be as follows:

What are cycling tourism possibilities in Riga and what actions should be taken in order to develop Riga as a sustainable cycling tourism destination?

The possible structure of my paper:


Research question + limitations


Theoretical framework

  • The concept of cycling tourism
  • How does cycling tourism contribute to the environment

Analysis + discussion

  • Demand on cycling tourism in Riga
  • Cycling tourism possibilities in Riga (bicycle tours, routes, rentals)
  • Cycling infrastructure in Riga (cycling roads and stands)
  • Comparison with Esbjerg



Future Research



Island Tourism STD with Carrying Capacity and Marginal Utility

Wednesday, September 28th, 2011

Increases of greenhouse gases in the Earth atmosphere give a directly influence to the climate system and bring a consequence of surface temperature rising caused sea level raised. (GA Meehl – 2005)

Island Tourism will be affected directly through the sea level rising. The most popular transportation method to the island is by air which caused a high CO2 emission per capital. And the overheated island tourism market like Phuket Island in Thailand, Maldives in the Indian Ocean also Dubai’s artificial islands aggravated this situation.

I will focus on sustainability of island tourism and how could we minimize those impacts (like reduce Greenhouse gas emission)  balanced with carrying capacity of the local resource and the marginal utility effect by increased tourists.

My RQ is how could Island Tourism use Marginal Utility as the measurement balanced with the Carrying Capacity to achieve Sustainable Development?

My Outline would be like follows:

1. Introuduction




5.Evaluation & Conclusion

6. Future Research

Yang Yang


GA Meehl 2005   How Much More Global Warming and Sea Level Rise? (online)


Poverty alleviation through tourism development: monitoring sustainability

Wednesday, September 28th, 2011

I was thinking of doing my assignment on poverty alleviation through sustainable tourism development. As a result, I have seen a number of articles on pro-poor tourism while looking for
the relevant literature for this assignment but none of them talk about monitoring sustainability. This motivated me to consider this topic for my paper.

“Tourism could contribute to poverty alleviation through job creation and productive employment by offering Labor-intensive jobs and small scale business opportunities that generally employ a high proportion of women and unskilled youth. Tax revenue from tourism could be used to improve to improve education, health and infrastructure development, all of which are important for poverty alleviation.” – ESCAP tourism review No.25

The concept of sustainability arose from the recognition that the earth’s limited resources
could not indefinitely support the rapid population and industrial growth as economic development moves to reduce poverty and increase standards of living among all countries.

If tourism continues to be used for alleviating poverty in developing countries, ways should be found for all the stakeholders to act sustainably.

My research question is;

How can developing countries monitor sustainability in their endeavor to alleviate poverty through tourism?

Tentative Structure of the paper is

  1. Introduction
  2. Methodology and Research question
  3. Literature review
  4. Evaluation of the criteria/indicators of
  5. Conclusion


Sustainable Development of Rio 2016 Olympic Games

Wednesday, September 28th, 2011

Sustainability in Mega-Events

In the next few years Brasil is going to hold two mega-events: 2014 FIFA World Cup of football and Rio 2016 Olympic Games. It is important that all the development required to host such big events is guided and based on sustainability.

This paper will intend to analyse the different methods of sustainable development of tourism and mega-events used in Sydney 2000, with a special focus on the environmental bottom-line. Afterwards it is intended to adapt the knowledge acquired to the reality of Rio 2016 and propose a short-term plan in order to increase the sustainability of this event.

Research Question: What were the actions taken by Sydney, while developing the 2000 Olympic Games, in terms of environmental sustainability in tourism? And how can they be applied in the following 2016 Rio Olympic Games?

Volunteer Tourism

Wednesday, September 28th, 2011

How can volunteer tourism contribute to a more sustainable development of a specific area? The example of the Wwoofing (World Wide Opportunities On Organic Farms).

The concept of wwoofing has attracted me since a while but I have never had the chance to be part of it or just to write a paper about it. So, for this paper I really would like to focus on this particular topic. While searching for more literature about wwoofing I realized that a lot of articles focus on the descriptions and the motivations of the participants (both tourists and hosts) or on the cultural aspects of wwoofing but only few of them are talking about the contribution of this kind of tourism to the local and sustainable development of the concerning areas.

The possible structure of my paper:

1) Introduction

2) Research question and limitations

3) Methodology

4) What is volunteer tourism? (Definition of the concept and its main values – The different “kinds” of volunteer tourism…)

5) Focus on the wwoofing: what is the wwoofing? (Definition and history of the Wwoofing – Some figures about the Wwoofing today – The principles of wwoofing – A voluntary experience: motivations and expectations of the participants (tourists and hosts).

6) Contribution to the local areas/communities (in a sustainable way). (Social/ Economical/ Environmental – Analysis of the respect of the values of sustainable tourism but no quantitative data).

7) The challenges.




Updated RQ: Post-Crisis Recovery after a Natural Disaster

Wednesday, September 28th, 2011

New RQ: How can the post-crisis recovery period of Hurricane Irene be used to facilitate STD in Vermont?


While we often have advanced warning about natural disasters (ie. tornadoes, hurricanes, etc.), this doesn’t necessarily curb mass destruction of both physical and economic infrastructures in the tourism firms in their path. While it seems as though there has been a lot of research done into prevention of mass destruction and resulting crisis management policies; the aftermath of natural disasters on the tourism industry remains less studied.

In late August 2011, Hurricane Irene destroyed large areas of Central Vermont which considers tourism to be its largest industry (http://www.bls.gov/eag/eag.vt.htm). This is a very recent disaster and the state is currently in the initial phases of recovery and redevelopment. Yet, due to the timeliness of this matter, it seems like a good opportunity to investigate how Vermont might rebuild their infrastructure in a more sustainable manner than was present before. Furthermore, what similar examples from the past are there that might allow Vermont to better assess its situation moving forward?

While there are no shortage of recent global natural disasters impacting tourism markets (ie. Hurricane Katrina, the tsunami in Asia, and earthquakes in Haiti, Japan, or Chile), the relevance to Vermont’s market is of importance as well. One of Vermont’s main tourism industries focuses on the mountain and ski industry (the infrastructure, of which, was severely affected in the hurricane) (http://www.killington.com/winter/beast/blog/authors/killington/killington-resort-unveils-plans-to). An historic example which seems more appropriate to compare Vermont to would be that of the Mount St. Helens volcanic eruption of 1980 which devastated parts of their tourism infrastructure (Murphy and Barley, 1989).

Therefore, how did Mt. St. Helens and the surrounding area rebuild their tourism infrastructure after the volcanic explosion in 1980? But, more importantly, how can Vermont use this example as a means of understanding a more sustainable development plan during its crucial recovery period in the wake of Hurricane Irene?

A brief outline would be as follows:

1) Introduction

2) Theory and Methodology (Constructivist comparative analysis)

3) Literature Review focusing on Post-Crisis Recovery (specifically with natural disasters)

4) Background information on Vermont and Tourism Industry

5) Mount St. Helens as an historical comparison

6) Results of case study of Vermont

7) Conclusion




STD Assignment

Wednesday, September 28th, 2011

I would like to write about Local participation in tourism with respect to sustainable tourism development.

Subsequently my research question could be: What are the major obstacles and difficulties when applying “local participation” in sustainable tourism development?

Structure could be:


Local Participation in Tourism Development

Types of participation

The view of “the others”

“Internal” obstacles and limitations


–>Cultural limitations




Mowforth and Munt (2003), Tourism and Sustainability

Tosun (2000), Tourism Management 21

Li (2005), Community decision making – participation in development

Li, W. 2005, Annals of Tourism Research

Sitikarn, Public participation: Is it a means of achieving sustainable tourism?




Wednesday, September 28th, 2011

For this research I am interested in comparing two completely different tourism destinations in Italy and their approaches towards sustainable tourism, respectively, how do destinations engage tourists with their sustainable activities? How do they come aware of the sustainable approaches? One of the cities thereby is Cinque Terre – a costal merger of five small villages which has established an interesting sustainable tourism project. Venice, on the other hand, one of the tourism meccas of Italy, is in need to manage the flow of tourist arrivals and to protect its cultural heritage while struggling with the raising water levels.

The question that I would like to focus on is thereby:

How do destinations make tourist aware of their approaches towards sustainability? – A comparison between the coastal area of Cinque Terre and the tourism mecca of Venice.

The structure is going to look somewhat like this:

  • Introduction
  • RQ and limitations
  • Research methodology (paradigm)
  • Literature review (General tools which are used to make tourists aware of sustainable activities, sustainable tourism approaches in Cinque Terre; sustainable tourism approaches in Venice)
  • Analysis (Engagement of the tourists – how do tourists perceive those sustainable approaches? To which extent are they involved in the sustainable actions? Are the strategies used visible for the tourists? If so, in which way? Are there any certain marketing activities which make tourists aware of the sustainable actions of the cities?)
  • Evaluation and discussion of the results (In the end, how can tourists become engaged in the sustainable tourism developments of tourism areas? How is it implemented in the most effective and satisfying manner? Is it possible to develop a certain code towards successful engagement of tourists in destinations?)
  • Conclusion




Newly independent nations and STD

Wednesday, September 28th, 2011

Ever since the dissolution of ex Yugoslavia, many smaller states have appeared on the map of Europe starting in the early ’90s. These states, once part of a much bigger state with very big and strong presence in almost all sectors and industries, now have to find their own way in tourism, sustainability and development in general. Within this context, the question I picked is:

“How can a newly independent Eastern European state boost sustainable tourism development, by investing in and upgrading its local hospitality industry?”

The research is going to be focused on the state of Montenegro, a newly independent state that has already started developing touristically. Since 1992, Montenegro’s constitution mentions that it is the first “ecological state” in the world, something that makes its case more special for research.


Structure of the paper:

1) Introduction

2) Research Question & possible limitations

3) Methodology followed (paradigms etc.)

4) Analysis

– Analysis of the current situation

– Comparison with other similar cases in the area

– Ways in which the hospitality industry can lead to achieving the “ecological state” status

– Steps that need to be made in the near future

– Suggested plan and expected results

– Difficulties that are expected to arise

5) Evaluation

6) Conclusion

7) Future research

8 ) References


Konstantinos Vitoratos


Sustainable tourism on Fanø – the tourists’ contribution

Wednesday, September 28th, 2011

When we visited Fanø I got the impression that the “average tourist” on Fanø has a very high awareness of the nature. An example for this consciousness is the fact that every year tourists are participating in the annual public collection of waste – voluntary! In the empirical research I would like to focus on the tourists´ part and choose a Research Question like:

How do tourists contribute towards STD on Fanø?

Subquestions could be:

-Which role plays the money gained through tourism regarding the conservation of the unique landscape?

-Does the high touristic interest increase the efforts to keep Fanø “green”?

The structure could look like this:


2.RQ and limitations

3. Research methodology

4. Literature review (sustainable tourism)

5. Background information Fanø

6. Analyses

7. Conclusion



Slow Food influence on destination/service choices

Wednesday, September 28th, 2011

Slow Food is a movement founded in Italy in 1986 to counteract fast food. Its theme is to provide “good, clean and fair food” meaning to provide food produced in a small-scale and sustainable way. (http://www.slowfood.com, accessed September 28, 2011).

According to Boyne et al. (2003, 132), high-quality food and beverage products may improve the overall tourism experience. Nevertheless, the question arise if Slow Food, seen as high-quality, sustainable and ethical food can not only enhance the tourism product but do also affect the destination or service choice of the consumer.

Therefore my research question will be: “How does the label “Slow Food” affect destination/service choices of future trendsetters?”

Further questions will be:

  • How do consumers interpret the label Slow Food?
  • For what reasons would consumers prefer Slow Food? Or for what reasons would they choose another destinations?

The structure of my paper would be as the following:

1. Introduction
2. Research Question & Limitations
3. Methodology
3.1. Paradigm
3.2. Research design (Primary research, quantitatve research among “future trendsetters” meaning students with and without touristic background)
3.3. Data Analysis
4. Theoretical framework
4.1. Food Tourism
4.2. Slow Food
4.3. Consumer Behaviour
5. Results of primary research
6. Analysis & Discussion
7. Evaluation
8. Conclusion
9. Future Research



http://www.slowfood.com/international/1/about-us?-session=query_session:5518599016a8b2AE1BxNFAE478EA. Accessed on September 28, 2011.

Boyne, S., Hall, D. & Williams F. (2003). Policy, Support and Promotion for Food-Related Tourism Initiatives: A Marketing Approach to Regional Development. In: Hall, C. (ed). Wine, Food and Tourism Marketing. THHP.


— Michael P.

My research question for STD

Wednesday, September 28th, 2011

I would like to work with decision making and therefore my RQ is: How is consumer decision making related to sustainable tourism? (I want to find out when exactly it is in the decision making proces that tourists consider sustainability if at all? And if they do not, how can this behaviour be changed?)

I am thinking about narrowing my topic to people in age of 20-30 years.


Possible structure of the paper:

  1. Introduction

1.1   Research question

1.2   Limitations

2. Methodology and theory

2.1   Paradigm

2.2   Research design

2.3   Theoretical framework

2.4   Literature review

3. Analysis

3.1   Secondary data analysis

3.2   Primary data – my findings

3.3   Evaluation and discussion of primary and secondary data

4. Conclusion

5. Future research



Literature so far:

Consumer behaviour by Michael Soloman

Analyzing decsion making by Jordan J. Louviere

The alternative paradigm dialog by Guba

Practical tourism research by Smith




What are the main challenges and opportunities for the sustainable development of cruise tourism? The case of Hamburg

Wednesday, September 28th, 2011

Hamburg (Germany) is the European Green Capital (EGC) 2011 (European Green Capital 2011), an award given by the EU. “Hamburg, the winner 2011, has shown major achievements in the past years and at present, has also achieved excellent environmental standards across the board. The city has set very ambitious future plans which promise additional improvements.” (European Green Capital 2011).

In April 2011, a third berth for cruise vessels was opened in Hamburg. The temporary build Cruise Terminal in the ‘HafenCity’ (Harbour City) will be rebuild in the near future. In 2011, there will be approx. 300.000 cruise passengers, an increase of 22.1% compared to 2010. The estimated amount of calls for 2011 is 121, from 29 different vessels (Hamburg Cruise Center, 2011).

But how does that fit together – Hamburg being EGC and supposedly an example for sustainability and investing in an industry which is known to produce a lot of pollution (Dowling, 2006)?

What is being done in Hamburg in terms of sustainable tourism in the cruise sector? What are the plans for the future? And can cruise tourism be sustainable?

Just recently, Hamburg was hosting the first GreenPort Cruise Conference (GreenPort Congress 2011). It was held in association with Cruise Gateway, an EU Interreg IVB North Sea Region project. The projects aim is “to develop the North Sea as a sustainable cruise destination of its own right” (Cruise Gateway, 2011).

On 27th of September, Germanys major cruise line AIDA Cruises announced its support for the city of Hamburg in regards of establishing onshore power supply (AIDA, 2011).

RQ: How can cruise tourism be made (more) sustainable? The case of Hamburg, European Green Capital 2011.

What are the main challenges and opportunities for the sustainable development of cruise tourism? The case of Hamburg 


Structure (not completed yet, just an idea):


Research Question

Methodology and literature review

Background Information:

Hamburg: European Green Capital

Cruise Tourism (focus on Hamburg)


Current Situation

Future scenarios



Literature (not completed yet):

–       Dowling, R. K. (ed.), (2006) Cruise Ship Tourism. Wallingford: CAB International

–       ‘Hamburg doubles up on cruise’ 2010, International Cruise & Ferry Review, p. 35, Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 28 September 2011.

–       AIDA (2011): ’AIDA unterstützt Hamburg bei Landstrom-Einführung Hafenluft soll sauberer werden’ (http://www.aida.de/nc/b2b-corporate-site/presse/pressemeldung.19052/article/aida-unterstuetzt-hamburg-bei-landstrom-einfuehrung-hafenluft-soll-sauberer-werden.html accessed 27.09.2011)

–       Cruise Gateway (2011), Hafen Hamburg Marketing redg. assn., http://www.cruisegateway.eu/ (accessed: 27.09.2011)

–       Hamburg Cruise Center 2011: “Kreuzfahrtstandort Hamburg mit weiterem Wachstum und erstmaligem „Slogan“ (http://www.hamburgcruisecenter.eu/de/content/kreuzfahrtstandort-hamburg-mit-weiterem-wachstum-und-erstmaligem-%E2%80%9Eslogan%E2%80%9C accessed: 27.09.2011)

–       GreenPort Congress 2011: GreenPort Cruise (http://www.greenport.com/congress/greenport-cruise accessed: 27.09.2011)

–       European Green Capital 2011 (http://hamburggreencapital.eu/ accessed 27.09.2011)

impacts of climate change on the Alpine Space

Wednesday, September 28th, 2011

As I come from the south of Germany and live close to the Alps I am very interested in the topic of the impacts of climate change on the Alpine Space(on winter tourism like skitourism or summer tourism like hiking tourism etc.) I spent my holidays often in a certain region in the southernmost part of Germany bordering with Austria called “Berchtesgadener Land”. That’s why I chose the following topic as my research question:


How does climate change affect tourism in the Alps and what measures can be taken to create sustainable approaches towards tourism development? The example of the region Berchtesgadener Land.


The paper should deal with these ideas: (not in order yet, not an outline, just topics to I want to include)

*climate change and (winter/summer) tourism in the Alps

*impacts on tourism in the region Berchtesgadener Land

*possible adaptation strategies

– technical (snow guns etc.)

– strategical (change of destination strategy? Etc.)

– marketing measures (awareness etc.)

*outlook (future mitigation strategies…)




Wednesday, September 28th, 2011

When we got this assignment I was thinking of eco labeling and it’s relation to STD. With this assignment I am interested in getting to know more of eco labels, and what/how it effect sustainable tourism development. My RQ would be something like :

What is eco-labeling, and how is it used in relation of sustainable tourism development”







– “Tourism ecolabelling: certification and promotion of sustainable management”, Buckley, 2001

– “Future of eco-labelling: making environmental product information systems effective”, Rubik and Frankl, 2005

– Annals of tourism research vol. 29 “Tourism Ecolabels”, Buckley, 2001

– www.horesta.dk

– etc.


/ Line

Archeological park Marof in city of Novo mesto, Slovenia

Wednesday, September 28th, 2011

I was thinking to write about sustainable approach to plan archeological park Marof  which is yet have to be build. So my RQ would be sth like: Why use sustainable approach to plan Archeological park Marof?


Main headlines:

1. Introduction

2. Theory

2.1 Sustainable approach to planning

2.2 Archeology park Marof

3. Analyse why it is important to plan Archeological park Marof on basis of sustainable approach to planning

4. Conclusion


I will do this, because I come from Novo mesto, Slovenia and one of the reasons to study tourism in Denmark is also to learn how to help tourism in Slovenia and what could be a better start than doing assigment on archeological park in Novo mesto, which will present why sustainable approach to planning is important for pursuing principles of STD through example of Arheological park Marof for city of Novo mesto, region Dolenjska and even for Slovenia. This could be important to start using sustainability principles in tourism in Slovenia, because many cities and regions in Slovenia don’t even have a document about strategic development of tourism and Novo mesto is one of those cities. Slovenian tourism from outside looks like it is really developed, but when you look on the inside you see that it is not and that it has so much potential to develop and pursue STD.

Can I develop Slovenian STD? I don’t know.

Can I help develop Slovenian STD? Certainly. Just like you all can help develop STD  in your countries. 😉


Jernej Picelj

Thursday, September 22nd, 2011

When sustainability is a common value, it shows itself in many ways. Local peope maybe do not notice them all, but they are obvious for someone from afar. It is the usage of wind energy, preserving of landscapes and animals, keeping old houses in good conditions, trading local food and crafts, promoting local natural features in souveniers and much much more… using bikes instead of cars


Wednesday, September 21st, 2011

In my attempt to paint a picture of Fanø and my thoughts on its drive towards sustainable development, I realized that starting off with a blank canvas poses many challenges (and opportunities). In the end, I decided that being creative and meeting the needs of this assignment paralleled some of the themes that I identified from our walk throughout Fanø that day:

Learning how to paint (or be sustainable) may not be as easy as Bob Ross would have us believe. It requires awareness of the available tools and how to use them and of the implications of not using them well. Locals, tourists, managers, and planners need to be aware of the impacts of tourism (or any other industry) and the tools and options they have to find a balance that meets the needs (colours/opinions) and satisfies all those with a vested interest in Fanø. Participation (pick up the brush and paint!) by everyone is required if there is to be a movement towards sustainable development and a great example was seen on that day through voting local representatives.

With a little respect and patience, a picture will emerge that incorporates some vision, creativity, and different colours and angles required to finally fill in the blank slate – keeping in mind that in order to improve on a course of action (or painting skills), one must revisit and practice and involve others’ opinions (in this case, my roommate!) so that the grass will continue to grow green and the black birds rest for future generations to enjoy.



Wednesday, September 21st, 2011

When we went to Fano, I was thinking how hard it is to make profit, to have satisfied society and to act in harmony with nature – of course, everything at the same time. Generally speaking, people will probably have to lower their life standard to make our planet livable for next generations. Are WE prepared for that?? Let’s learn how to live in accordance with nature, how to respect it…and let’s make other people follow us;)




Wednesday, September 21st, 2011

I am very much impressed by The Fano Island’s nature guide lecture on tourism sustainability
from the physical environment perspective. I feel that Fanos are doing well in maintaining
sustainability of the physical environment. They are concerned about even the nuances
of the physical environment (e.g., avoiding foreign shrubs from the Island) to
maintain the landscape of the Island. My question is that, is maintaining land
scape a fundamental issue in tourism sustainability for the Fanos?


Wednesday, September 21st, 2011

Fanø seems to be an interesting case in the context of sustainability and conservation. Certainly, there are the obvious indicators of sustainability in the form of windmills, a simplified public transit system-with only one main road-which promotes the use of bicycles, and an integrated ferry system that protects hordes of gas-guzzling vehicles from devouring the island. But it wasn’t the structural implementation that struck me as novel on the island; rather, it was the community which calls Fanø home.

The people who live on Fanø, or visit the island regularly, seem to be passionately committed to keeping it just as it is. In my opinion, laws and regulations can be made to protect the environment but unless the local community feels strongly enough about where they call home, they will never respect them. I believe the strengths of sustainability come from local communities and Fanø is emblematic of this idea.

I included some (admittedly, odd) photos to represent this idea:

– At first, I thought a tanning salon on the island was counter-intuitive to the notion of sustainability. But then I thought about it and realized that if the locals are going to get their tan on (so-to-speak), then they might as well save some of their dirty carbon footprint and do it right there. I assume it’s better than flying to India (though I’m not sure, as I’d imagine it takes a lot of energy to operate a tanning salon). And we all know they’re not going to get a tan in Denmark…

– The single-police officer on the island symbolizes the idea of a close community leading to sustainability. If a community trusts itself enough to have one, part-time police officer then, it seems to me like, they’d be able to really implement change and action plans as a cohesive, trusting unit. When citizens feel like they are a part of a small community they can, therefore, be more easily engaged in important political matters. I believe this is a crucial step to implementing sustainable ideas.

I also wrote two little poems…mostly for fun. Enjoy!


Fanø Island – The Documentary

Wednesday, September 21st, 2011

Katie Leum and Me worked together in this Documentary project that is uploaded in Youtube and accessible through this link:

Fanø Island – The Documentary – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ubWYoGTVyAY

I hope you all like it.

Best Regards,

Guilherme Fernandes

PS: It is not posted here because it exceeds the maximmum file size for this blog.

Guilherme Fernandes


Wednesday, September 21st, 2011

When it is a natural environment what we are handling, it is always hard to find the balance between conservation and economical profitability. In Fanø Island some of the hard work is already done: it is a natural reserve, urban legislation is to protect the environment from getting overbuilt and local population is aware of the importance of preserving the environment as it represents their main way of income.



The reason why I chose this picture to show Fanø’s approach to sustainability is not about the windmill but about the bunker below it.

When I first saw that semi-buried construction I didn’n know it was a bunker from WW II, I just thought it was a very good example of a sustainable way of building a refuge, basically because it hides from the wind under the earth. That’s smart. Instead of fighting against the wind building walls, it stays away from it inside of the natural heat of the earth, just the same way animals do.
One of the ideas to reduce our ecological footprint is to prolong the life of what we use as long as we are able to. If case of buildings most of the times it implies a major change of use. So maybe it is a good idea to rethink these bunkers to get them back into (a peaceful) use. Here’s an example http://blog.concrete-mushrooms.com/?page_id=112. Dark tourism, uh?


Fanø and the local business

Wednesday, September 21st, 2011


A little thought about sustainability on Fanø..

Wednesday, September 21st, 2011

As I haven’t been in Fano yet, I will write about something else. I think that to be sustainable at all is quite difficult. Anyway, since we are here, we are more sustainable than before, I guess. I mean, we use bicycles or public transport all the time, we have to recycle almost everything, we are studying sustainability tourism (this makes us keep in mind this concept and it reminds us that’s an important issue for present and future as well. Isn’it? Or don’t we say among ourselves sometimes “be sustainable” or “that’s sustainable”?

Maybe that’s not a sustainable tourism experience but we are still talking about sustainability. (I have to say that I’m improvising and writing what’s going through my mind, so I don’t know if this is exactly what I had to do).

Since I’m in Esbjerg, and after been in some many countries, I’ve the feeling that in Catalonia (Spain is quite big and I don’t have general information, so I’ll talk about what’s closest to me because I know it better) is very difficult to introduce both sustainability and to be sustainable concepts to the population. I would say that sustainability and comfort could be related. How? People prefer comfort rather than trying to be sustainable. I’ll use the bike as an example. In Catalonia the majority of the population doesn’t use bikes; they prefer their own car or motorbike. Use public transport seems it’s a really big effort also (wake up early to catch the bus, train, delays more often than it should be, get cold, …) And here in Esbjerg for example, a lot of people uses the bike and the weather is worst than Catalonia!!!

Well, I guess it’s a matter of mentality. I would like to change this and makes the bikes a new fashion!! Yes, will i can do it?


Wednesday, September 21st, 2011


In an attempt to cohesively explain our (Albert, Lukasz, Nathan, Peter, Teresa) multi-faceted understanding of sustainability on Fanoe, we searched for a specific medium that would express our thoughts.  Subconsciously inspired by the children’s play things of the Esbjerg library, we encapsulated our ideas in to a literal puzzle.


The puzzle paints the picture of a comprehensive image, resulting from several individual aspects.  In the case of sustainability on Fanoe, the fore mentioned aspects are “pieces” of the holistic effort to keep Fanoe in balance.  Each piece was masterfully designed with a theme and an image to accompany it (From top, left moving clockwise):


1.  Interdependence- This piece represents Fanoe’s intimate relationship, not only in respect to tourism, but also residents (Professor), with the mainland.  Interdependence is vital because the well being of the island must be balanced with the influence (ecological, economic, social, cultural) of “foreigners.”


2.  Authenticity/passion- As a result of the truly genuine, excited speech that we encountered by people who really care about their cause, we were all swept up in emotion.  This, we feel, is vital in helping people, not only become aware of their decisions and actions, but also create an incentive for them to act on this awareness.


3/5.  The relationship between legislation and action- As we heard in the speech, there is a huge discrepancy between what government is doing to promote sustainability, and what is actually being implemented in “the field.”  Also, as we heard, this is where the people we heard speak come in to play.


4.  Local establishments- Creating community through locally produced, locally sold, high quality products.  We experienced this in several facets throughout our day on the island (Fanoe beer, Fanoe sheep, etc.)


6.  Low impact interaction- This piece describes awareness that is being created on the island to emphasize the intimate relationship between the visitors’ and the locals’ day to day actions, and the effect that they have on the physical environment.


Yang, Rudnicki, Ardaiz, Kiss, Treegarden

Driving & Parking cars on the beach of Fanø Island – Sustainable?

Wednesday, September 21st, 2011

In this presentation we discuss sustainable tourism practice on Fanø Island, to be precise – driving and parking cars on the beach. Our information is based on an interview with an Fanø Turistbureau employee that is included in the presentation.

Driving&Parking on the Fanø Island beach



ferry vs bridge

Wednesday, September 21st, 2011

For me the first thing that i noticed was the ferry instead of a bridge.
Less traffic, less cars, less exhaust fumes and so on. So, I think, this picture speaks for itself.





Sustainable Development for generations to come

Wednesday, September 21st, 2011

The two pictures were taken from the Fanoe ferry’s deck, one right after the other, so the two are actually part of the same image I was seeing, while entering the island’s waters for the first time.

The Danes might not be well aware of this, but actually the windmills are what every foreigner expects to see in the country. And Fanoe is no exception. It might have a problem with non-endemic species of bushes (reference joke!) but it still has a lot to teach and show to island nations in Europe and elsewhere.


Esbjerg vs. FANØ

Wednesday, September 21st, 2011

We couldn't help but compare Esbjerg to Fanø- only 20 minutes apart.


Andrea, Anna, and Natasa

Etivity Phase 2: Sustainable tourism experience

Wednesday, September 21st, 2011

Hello again,

my latest experience in tourism was this summer in Croatia in Novalja and Zrče beach, if I don’t take into account my arrival to Denmark. Zrće beach is one of the most famous party beach in Europe because there you can meet people from all over Europe. But what is facinanting about this beach is that there were no party clubs 15 years ago, it was just plain beach with some food and drink stall and almost nobody knowed it. But from then till now there was build five party clubs, bungee jumping crane, wake park and every year there performs worlds top DJ’s and musicians. I think this was a very good move for Croatian tourism and island Pag therefore in main season you can’t get a room near Zrće if you don’t book it before. Even nearest camps are full.

But this also has it’s negative effect on locals because there is a lot of noise till morning hours, cars which are poluting the air, people poluting beaches and sea.But i guess that for young people who are coming to Zrće it is all about party and getting drunk and get laid. And locals there don’t complain much because until they have profit it’s all right.

I’m writing this because I talked about this with owners of the house where I stayed. One night when we were drinking before we went out in our balcony, we were also singing and local neighbour across the street said to us to be quiet and to go make noise to Slovenia. This was happening around 10pm. And instantly I thought about, this local lady puts food onto her table every day because of the turists who stays there during the summer but yet she is complaining over them. So it is question about morale and money/earnings? Does she has right to complain over something that gives her salary so she can live her life?

My answer is yes she does. We could be a bit less louder but this is party island and usually where is party is also noise, so this probably will be ongoing problem whish dosn’t has solution at least until people sucha as locals and turist won’t change their attitude and start respecting each other.





Sustainability in Fanoe Bad

Wednesday, September 21st, 2011

We went to the beach on the north/west part (Fanoe Bad) of the island during the low tide at around 5pm. The first thing we saw was the amazing landscape build by the low tide. The second things that we observed were the people were having fun on the large beach and with the kites. After enjoying the landscape we realized that a lot of cars were on the beach parked or just driving around. Due to the legislation it is allowed to drive and park your car on the beach between Fanoe Bad and Sonderho. As a result of our knowledge about sustainability and the factors influencing it (direct or indirect), from our point of view the legislation should be revised. Cars always leave carbon footprint (for example, oil or fuel drops…).

After the low tide the high tide follows and this is the way how the carbon footprints from the beach are being washed away into the waters and endangering the habitats around Fanoe and not only. It is a slow process and even tough it is only a few cars it is adding up to the impact of unsustainable development.

A better alternative are bikes.


Julia, Senia and Camille

Fanø footprints

Wednesday, September 21st, 2011

This picture is just an image of the sustainable idea. It made me think of Platos “Theory of forms” and how we go from an idea to practical  implementation.





Etivity 2: Fanø sustainabilty

Wednesday, September 21st, 2011

In this presentation we highlighted the most considerable issues related to sustainability on the Fanø island from our point of view.

Nino, Elena and Cristina.

fanø sustainability

Fano & Sustainability

Wednesday, September 21st, 2011

I chose this picture and marked out the most relevant factors for me in a sustainable tourism framework. In my opinion, regionality, local economy and local products are very important in terms of sustainability since the help to decrease p.e. transportation costs and pollution related to transportation as well as energy waste. Furthermore they strengthen the local community and hamper cash flow to nonlocal industries.

Michael Pillwein

The Trip to Fanø

Tuesday, September 20th, 2011

On our little trip to Fanø, i took pictures of the things which seemed to me related to sustainability. Not neccessarily directly related to tourism, but rather with the way of life on Fanø.


We’re going to Malta!

Thursday, September 15th, 2011

A couple of years ago a friend and I went on a pretty impulsive trip to Malta. A travel company had some sort of special campaign going and if we were ready to fly within 24 hours we could get a week on Malta for almost nothing. We saw the advertisement on Thursday night and were on the plane about noon Friday.

Because it was such a spontaneous decision to go to Malta we had not planned to go anywhere or see anything special so most of our time was spent chilling by the pool or on our roof terrace with a couple of beers and going out at night.

The leisure elements of our trip consisted mostly of playing pool and tennis and as mentioned earlier, going out.    


Kenni Simmelsgaard

Mallorca 2011

Thursday, September 15th, 2011

Hey there

I went to Mallorca for one week this summer with my brother and my parents.                                                                                             It was of course a tourism experience, but with a lot of leisure elements in it.                                                                                                 I did a lot of things which i would catagorize as leisure behaviour since i am often doing the same back home.                      Every morning I got out of bed early and I went running. I often do that at home in my home environments, but the difference is that in Mallorca i am running in 20 degrees, in shorts and on the beach.                                                                                    We also went bicycling and golfing on our vacation, which we do in our leisure time in Denmark aswell, but down there it was the same activity, but a whole other experience

Jacob Høgholm


Expectations regarding STD ;)

Thursday, September 15th, 2011

I hope to gain a better insight in Std through case-studies and lively discussions in class 🙂

I have studied tourism, sustainable tourism management and marketing before and I guess many


Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

Hi all,


One of the main reasons why I applied for the EMTM project, was the desire to learn “something” different from “someone” different in a different way.

While Studying Tourism Management back in Georgia, I always had the feeling that the way we were taught was not the one I would like to, and that there was something missing in our classes. Now, after having these extremely interesting courses of STD I understand WHAT is the thing that was missing there: It is the exchange of our (students’) approaches and ideas, rather than the teachers’. It is the involment of each of us, and the feeling that we ARE the part of all that is happening arround. It’s not just listening to the teacher telling you what she’s read in books, but your opinion or understanding which matters!

As for sustainable tourism I have never studied it as a subject, and I’m realy interested in it. Back in my country, which realy has a great architectural, cultural, ethnigraphic etc. potential for tourism development not much has been done untill a few years ago, when people (government) came up to the idea that this phenomenon has to be implemented and taken care of. Now tourism is just starting to be developed, but the concept of Sustainability or Sustainable tourism does not exsist. All tourism related people think and work on “using” this or that resort, rather than saving them to the future generations. So, that’s why I realy hope to get all necessary knowledge and information of different types of sustainable toirism and all the ways of how it can become achievable in general and in Georgia as well. I would think of ways of delivering these information to people living or working in specific destinations.

I am really excited about having classmates from this many different countries and cultures and I hope we will exchanges all our experienses and knowledge during the two years of studying together.




STD_ Expectations

Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

“I need another point of view”, that was my thought when I finished my bachelor’s degree. And that is the main reason for me to be here. I am just starting to see the complexity of the tourism issue and I am certain to say that I have learnt a lot in these two weeks, so what I am expecting  is for this exchange of information and opinions to keep going so we can get to an understanding of this concept of sustainability.

As an architect I find the impact on tourism in urban areas and natural environments a challenging area to develop my career at, in order to create a profitable situation for inhabitants and visitors. Cities are complex living systems in which an increase of population during some periods of time can cause several disruptions on its ordinary behaviour. The adaptability of both town and residents to deal with this temporary situation can become a part of their identity and culture.

From my previous experience in the field of city planning trying to rearrange some of the chaotic and unplanned city growing in the very touristic places in the east south of Spain, I have learnt the great importance of considering the consequences of every decision made.  It is really difficult (if not impossible) to change the model once it becomes one of the main sources of national revenue.

I  think that it will take some years to start to see a turn for the sustainable tourism and I will really be satisfied and relieved if I have a single clue on how to do it by the end of the course.


Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

“Can sustainability be achieved?”  I would like to answer „yes” to Janne’s question but it would be right away followed by another: how? And this is my expectation from the course.

I think that a valuable thing to learn would be how to approach the topic practically: knowing which agencies to cooperate with, which of them to ask for support; how to build up relationships, contribute, give something from yourself or what to expect from others. All of it done in a professional manner.

I hope that as a team we will learn it from our lecturers and from each other. I think that our group being a sample of the world has already started.



Cultivating Awareness

Wednesday, September 14th, 2011


First of all, for those of you who have actually chosen to consider my post, I am really excited and honored to be a part of this solid group of individuals (Non-EMTM students as well of course).  All of the people I have written back home have heard first hand about the unbelievable collection of intelligent and creative students who make up this program.  And for this reason, part of my expectations, not only for this course, but for the next two years, are related directly with this community of students I have just mentioned.

I know full well that my understanding of the concepts covered will only be as deep as our discussions, as intense as our engagement in the classroom, and as passionate as our work in the community are.

I am, however, not stating these things because you are not aware of these facts, nor am I putting any responsibility on any of you to make me understand the material, but rather I am stating what I hope to cultivate.  My brother told me:  “Bring your best, bring out the best,” and I hope this is the approach we can all strive for everyday.

On the topic of sustainability, I truly believe that people around the world, in general, really want to be a part of “green,” “local,” and “sustainable.”  People want to be a part of these movements, because they know there is something “right” about it.  It makes people feel good.  Which, as Julia pointed out, is why these terms are “sellable.”  I think the key, however, is being genuine.  How do we go about being genuine?  How do we create experiences that strengthen a community, not cut it down (physically, culturally, emotionally)?  And most importantly, how do we develop awareness, so that people can actively participate in these “green,” “local,” and “sustainable movements,” rather than just consume them?  The answers to these questions are what I hope to cultivate, not only in the next 5 months, but for how ever long I am given the opportunity.  Thanks for reading.


Cultural Authenticity

Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

My main area of interest  (under sustainable tourism development) is the problem of cultural authenticity: how can certain communities share their culture (via tourism) without losing it in the process?

I was confronted with this problem while I was traveling in the Ecuadorian Amazon in 2009. Tourists want to see indigenous peoples making fermented drinks out of spit, using blowguns and swinging on vines (a la Tarzan)— and this is what tourists get when they decide to pay $100/day living with an indigenous community. These tourists can return happily to their hometowns, having verified their preconceived notions of the Amazon. In the process of satisfying tourists’ demands, indigenous communities alter their way of life.  These indigenous people were forbidden to wear T-shirts or watches while interacting with tourists in order to seem “authentic” in their traditional garb. The money they get from ecotourism is, however, mostly spent in the nearby cities to fund their growing enterprise. In other words, they start to rely less and less on their surroundings, which they traditionally look to for sources.

This is just a simple example of one of the problems that ecotourism can bring. By principle, how important is cultural authenticity? Is it enough that tourists get what they want (an exotic experience that they think is “authentic) and that indigenous communities get monetary compensation?

I expect to have lively discussions in class! As much as I would like to talk about the problems and loopholes of sustainable tourism development, I would also like to discuss what is feasible, what has already been successfully done, and what we can do in the future.

-Andrea (Philippines)

Course expectations – Jozef, Slovakia

Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

Hey everybody,

first of all, I really appreciate this opportunity to learn in such a motivating and internationally strong environment and discuss the most current issues of tourism development.

Since I was working as a travel guide (escort or leader) in different summer resorts during past 5 years, mostly in mass tourism spots in Bulgaria and Turkey,  I had the opportunity to experience the pros and cons of this way of “handling” the tourism development. From what I have seen, not much is being done towards preserving the destination for future generations and overall well-being of those communities. I have seen how things probably should not be done instead of what is considered to be the long-term sustainable strategy of a destination. Unfortunately, quick and immediate profit-making is what matters the most for most people involved in the tourism business. Tourism stakeholders are obviously missing the big picture and long-term view.

According to this, I expect this course will provide us with deep understanding of sustainable strategies and ways of implementing them into daily praxis. I would really appreciate to go through successful case studies that demonstrate these efforts. I would also like to know answers to many questions that arise when talking about sustainable development: what needs to be done, what can be done immediately and what is possible to achieve in long term view in order to be able to be competitive in the tourism industry not only for a couple of years.

Taking everything into consideration, I hope this will be an inspiring semester, full of new and motivating experiences, that will broaden our horizons and  put us one step forward in our tourism studies.

Jozef, Slovakia


Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

I’ve studied politics and after I found out how it all works and what politics imply I decided never to practise it again.

But once you get good at something (earn the needed knowledge) it is hard to put it aside.

Studying politics I studied the money-flow and the instruments used in the system to get it going or get it into a crisis.

I never studied tourism, never had any courses or discussions with an expert on this topic.

I became a travel agent by a “mistake” (it is one of the best things that happened to me). I learnt how to sell tourism, and for that i had to get familiar with the destinations, but from the perspective of a tourist.

I have to tell you that my biggest sales were because of the mass tourism.

Because of my previous studies I started to apply the political knowledge in the department of tourism.

I started to follow the activity of the Tourism Minister of my country and move on , on the international level.

Them I started to recognise tourism as being on of the most important instruments of political economy of a country.

What could be better then money from abroad getting into the national economy.

Another aspect of politics that I got familiar with were the global problems that are putting earth as we know it, in danger.

Tourism is a phenomena that influences direct and indirect our life in so many ways (even if you aren’t the traveller).

Why not try to turn it around in something that would sustain our characters of explorers instead of being indifferent and selfish.

Sustainability is something that we have to achieve and because tourism is an ever growing phenomena, tourism sustainability has to be a priority

I hope the get to know the already developed instruments towards a sustainable tourism and hopefully developed some more with the elite group that we just become.


expectations of STD course

Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

Hello everybody!

I’m Nika and I come from Slovenia. I believe that STD course can widen my horizonts in the field of sustainability, which is currently an important phenomenon in many aspects, including tourism development. Recently, there have been many talks about sustainability, but if we look closely – we can see very few improvements. However, it is a great opportunity for us to make some changes and to be creative in a sustainable way. From STD course I expect to learn about methods, good practices and simply get an overview of sustainability and how to act in accordance with it.

When I was studying in Austria, I gained the knowledge in the field of Health Management in Tourism. I honestly believe that there is a great perspective and fast development in combining health and tourism. In future, I see myself in this field. Managing Wellness center with new, unique facilities and giving great emphasis on environmental issues and tourism innovations, while managing the company in a sustainable way, somehow presents my future challenge. I hope that by attending STD classes, I will be able to get the knowledge about sustainable part and self-confidently face my future challenges.


expectations of STD course

Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

My expectations to this course – getting ideas. Getting ideas and knowledge of how things are to be done in order to develop a destination sustainably.

I come from the capital of Latvia – Riga. It is a small city, which has opened its doors to tourism only recently (maybe 15 years or so). So I have seen the bad influence that unplanned tourism may cause. Building modern hotels and other tourism related facilities in historical and culturally important places and, eventually, destroying the authenticity and uniqueness of Riga. But, bad as it may be, it is still not too late to act. This is where the idea of sustainable development comes in. I believe, that with the knowing and understanding of sustainability, it is possible to still increase incoming tourism, but without destroying the historical and cultural monuments.

That is one of the reasons I chose this program and this course. To take as much as I can from here and bring it back to Riga.


Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

Hello, everyone

To be honest, I am not very familiar with sustainable tourism concept as in Russia it has not been popularized yet.  And even after studying tourism for some time I have always had a vague idea of what sustainable tourism really is:  “Something connected with responsibility and environment”. That is why during this course I expect  to get clear understanding of  sustainable tourism , to gain relevant knowledge, to deepen my perception of it and finally to assume that sustainable tourism is not a distant future ideal but it is something that I can do right here right now.

I am especially interested  in sustainable cultural tourism in historic cities and the role of NGO in the sustainable tourism development. And it would be great to hear different opinions on how to make sustainable tourism profitable.




Sustainable Tourism Development : Expections to the course.

Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

Hello everyone,

Until then I have been studying only the basics of tourism strategies and more especially the French tourism strategies. This is why my first expectation for this class and all the classes in general is to have a better vision and understanding of the worldwide tourism. Moreover I have never studied sustainable tourism before therefore I expect to learn about the basic concepts of sustainability and sustainable tourism. I also wish to learn more about the numerous different kinds of sustainable tourism concepts and strategies all around the world. I am really interested into understanding the differences of sustainable tourism development according to the countries and their cultures.I also wish to have a better understanding of the issues and challenges of creating and implementing a sustainable tourism concept in a country in order to be able to face them in my future professional experiences. Another important aspect that I would like to develop/improve thanks to this class is my critical point of view. Actually in the French education system, teachers often ask students to understand something and repeat it like they learned it. I now discovered a very different way of doing which give the possibility to students to have their own way of thinking and expressing themselves during a course.



grey or green?

Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

Hey there.

For me the most important aspect of Sustainable Tourism is that in some places an sustainable approach towards tourism HAS to be developed to keep the infrastructure, culture and environment alive. If we dont start “thinking” about what we(I speak generally as I am sure that all of us have already had really unsustainble holidays..;) ) do to the communities, nature etc. (and this time not in a positive way) it might be already too late very soon. Imagine there would be no more nature along the mediterranean coast. Missing fauna and flora. Waste everywhere. Poor people on the street, because nobody can profit from tourism anymore. Cultures get lost. Sad place, isnt it? Would you like to travel there?….

With the sustainability approach we can try to prevent that sth like this will happen. In my opinion this is the niche market of the future. If we dont become green, we maybe get grey. But who wants to be grey? 😉

I hope to learn the right tools and approaches from that course to be an active part of sustainable tourism development. And not only of greenwashing and marketing tricks. I am interested in the things behind. In the long term measures to ensure our upcoming generations the same awesome places on this world which we can discover/have already discovered now.

Rainy greets (oh and while writing that i am thinking of the climate change topic. It is also important to adapt our tourism to new weather or climate conditions. What is actually done for tourists on rainy days in Esbjerg?Are museums the only solution?….)


course expectations

Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

For this course i hope to get into touch with the academic thoughts on sustainable tourism and concepts that other people have developed. I have seen unsustainable tourism-practices during my south america travels (yes, i was part of this eventually…) and i would like to learn how to implement sustainable concepts in countries, where low education and every-day survival are prevalent.

I have had a class on Environmental Economics in my semester in Peru, which tried to define nature in value-terms with the example of the Yasuní- Initiative in Ecuador, which was super interesting. This initiative tries to gather money from various countries (that are not blessed witch such biodiversity as Ecuador) into a UN-trust fund in order to leave the part of the amazon as it is and not to develop the oil-fields beneath it (as Ecuador is an oil-dependent country, they need either way the money!)

Besides the content, i am curious about doing my own research about a topic i like, since i have not done so really in my bachelor degree.



Sustainable Tourism Development E-tivity 1

Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

Hi all!

During our course in STD I would like to get a critical approach to the challenging field of Sustainable Tourism. I want to gain knowledge about its benefits and difficulties and how to implement sustainability in real-life tourism. I think the syllabus with the guest lecturers and the case studies will provide us with a broad and practical approach to the subject.

In my opinion, our class will benefit from our cultural diversity, which offers us the opportunity to learn from each other. It is exciting to get to know the different perspectives and ways of thinking. Maybe they will differ about what is “sustainable” as well. For example in later professional careers it will be great to have this special intercultural knowledge which makes it easier to act in intercultural environments and hence makes us able to assess things from different angles.


course expectations

Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

I strongly believe that sustainability is the only suitable and worthy way of  living, running businesses, forming societies.

But in real world it is not always like this.

In my home region local authorities talk much about development of tourism but the most interesting places from natural or historical point of view are in poor ecological condition.

Back in Russia I was in ecological movement and we organized many eco-events which involved young people into “small” ecological activity such as gathering litter in parks and forests, and planting young trees.

But this all doesn’t have long-lasting effect if sustainability is not established as a way of living for all the people. I want to learn how such sustainable systems are created and supported, how they can be effective from economics point of view and  how different players on the field can be interested in supporting sustainability.


Sustainable Tourism Development E-tivity 1

Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

Hey Everyone,

I think the class of Sustainable Tourism Development is the core of EMTM course. From this class, I would like to comprehend more elements about the sustainable development, especially sustainable tourism. My education background in international relations has introduced me several concepts in sustainable development, but only limited in its brief descriptions and theoretical concepts.

I am hoping that during the class, i would be introduced to practical examples of the implementation of sustainable tourism development in real life, and indepth analysis of the phenomenon by observing case studies.

More importantly, from the class i would like to figure out the ways how to increase the awareness of sustainable development of common people who work in tourism industry. There are many stake holders that involved in tourism, including common people/individual that earn a tiny piece of the tourism cake. Those common people i referred is the low class people, usually not-well-educated, and have economic weaknesses. They are too busy to think about how to earn money for the day, so that they can  buy something to eat for the next day, so that sometimes they do things that against sustainable development.

I want to know the easy, effective and practical way to introduce sustainable tourism development to those common people, so that they can understand easily and implement it in their daily life. Hopefuly the Sustainable Tourism Development class would give me some insight and knowledge for my expectations. And eventually, i can implement it when i come back to my country Indonesia, where many people with low education level and economic weaknesses work in tourism industry, so that they are able to perform sustainable tourism development for their life.




Course Expectations

Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

The first time sustainable tourism development came to my personal awareness was two years ago on an exchange semester here in Esbjerg. During my first 3 Semesters of study in Germany it was hardly ever mentioned before. Although there is a course called “Sustainable Tourism” in the 5th Semester.
While I was an intern at the Hamburg Convention Bureau, I had a lot to do with ‘Green Meetings’ and ‘Green Locations’.  Hamburg being European Green Capital 2011 brought up the topic of sustainability with focus on ecological issues. The problem was how to define sustainability and ‘Green’ in terms of Meetings, Events and Locations. The only opportunity was eco labels.
In this course I would like to know more about how sustainability can be defined in practical matters (e.g. with eco labels), why sustainability is needed, and how (or if) (poor) 3rd world countries can deal with sustainability.


Sustainable tourism developement-expectations-Phase1.

Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

Hy Mates I am Peter and I came from a middle eastern european country and my mum  always told me- selected the trash and live like you were not the last generation on the planet called Earth so I really committed in that subject since I raised up that kind of family.

Within the tourism -as a fast growing sector -sustainability is an important factor and I think it is essential to talk about it and put this concept into the spotlight. As day by day more people are in the world the more should we dealing with the prevention both in theory and practice.  Well personally I am not very optimistic but I am here to be one of us who try to implement some good idea or process to make the tourism industry as an everlasting industry.

What I expect from the course is to receive some important point of views and theoretical knowledge. I would like to see some case study how does it work in the real life.

“Darwin was too polite to say, my friends, is that we came to rule the Earth not because we were the smartest, or even the meanest, but because we have always been the craziest, most murderous  in the jungle…”

Stephen King

Etivity 1 – Course Expectations

Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

Hello all!

I, like Mike, am constantly thinking about tourism and sustainability.  My mind wanders brainstorming different ways sustainability can be achieved in the tourism industry.  As for now I do not know in what way I will be involved in this industry, but I do know that sustainability will be a main focus in my future work.

I love that our program brings together so many unique people with such different experiences.  We have classmates who, like myself, have traveled a lot.  We have classmates who are experiencing a new country for the first time.  Some classmates have work experience as tour guides or in hotels, museums, or airports.  Others have little to no experience in tourism.  But one thing brings us all together… our passion for this industry!  I am really excited to see what will happen when we start sharing ideas.

During this course and the next two years, I hope that my fellow classmates get as much from me as I know I will get from sharing this experience with them.


My “Sustainable Development”

Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

Hey everybody, my name is Teresa and I am from Germany

Well, here is a little summary of me meeting the term “sustainability”.

When I first got in contact with the term “sustainability” in my previous education in the Netherlands I thought “well, here goes another one of these tourism terms that I should know the definition of”. However, time after time, I realized that this term apparently IS a quite important word not only when it comes to tourism. While travelling I even caught myself thinking “Oh no, this is sooo not sustainable!”. In the end I even decided to write my bachelor thesis on this significant term and brought it in contact with the special field of wellness tourism.

In this particular research I found out that there is not much done yet – as people often misuse the term sustainability as they see it as a trend which they have to follow. And I still think, there is a lot to do in order to make this term common in a sense as it should be. Resources ARE limited worldwide and it is the task of our generation to start working on this problem.

Now, as we are from many different countries from all over the world in this class, I am really interested in getting to know different approaches, ideas and your individual experiences with sustainable developments. In my opinion this will be a very interesting start and we can sure find some very interesting stories. I expect some answers on how different countries within Europe and lets say Asia or the US approach sustainable tourism and how people can be develop a higher awareness worldwide. And what exactly can WE do as (soon) tourism professionals?

Sustainable Tourism Development E-tivity 1

Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

Respected fellow students,

I feel honored to have been selected as part of the EMTM program and to be in such great company filled with diversity, laughter, creativity, and common values regarding tourism development with respect to sustainability.

My expectations from the course are

– to listen, learn, and become inspired by my fellow peers

– to continue to foster and implement sustainability in my work and everyday life

– to learn the rhetoric behind current sustainability theories and compare case studies so I can carry forward the knowledge of best practices and create innovative solutions in my career

My thoughts regarding sustainable development are deep and have affected me personally throughout my life career. I grew up on Vancouver Island in BC – a province that prides itself on being “green” through its great outdoors, parks, indigenous communities, and where great environmentalists such as David Suzuki come from. I have also had the opportunity to work in tourism development with communities in Ghana, Costa Rica, and Canada and to see the challenges and pressures facing small communities with limited resources. When I first really delved deep into the issue about sustainable development, I felt it an oxymoron – Can development really be sustainable if it impacts the very resources we are trying to protect?

My work experiences have encouraged me to look differently at this contradiction by acknowledging human innovation and creativity, which I feel is not valued enough by our current governments. Some of the people I encountered in my travels from the poorest and most remote communities also had the best solutions – and it is these examples that must be valued and fostered and taught.

Is sustainable tourism achievable?

I look forward to learning from all of you. Namaste.


“Only when the last tree has died
and the last river been poisoned
and the last fish been caught
will we realize we cannot eat money”

– Cree Indian Proverb

My thoughts on sustainability

Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

I have been looking forward for this course, since I think the concept of sustainability is very interesting. What I expect from this course is to be able to fully grasp the concept and to be able to talk about sustainability with more theoretical knowledge that I have today.

I have found that many people (myself including) have a hard time understanding what sustainability actually is, because it has become a kind of buzz-word everybody uses. Everybody talks about it, but when it comes to how we can actually be sustainable people are silent. Therefore my expectations for this course is to get more accurate knowledge about the subject and to be able to use in real-life cases.


Sustainable Tourism Development – PHASE 1

Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

Godmorgen alle!!

I don’t know if it’s the correct one. I’m just trying to improve my Danish!!That’s the way to start.

Okey, let’s start again, dear friends,

Since I started my Tourism studies in Spain, I’ve been envolved in the tourist sector in different ways. I consider that tourism is a spread sector with many areas and for that reason, I’ve been trying to be in touch with some of them. Of course, as a tourism student, I also really like to be a turist, 😉  visit many countries and pay special attention at tourism sector in some of them. I think tourism is seen in different ways depending on the countires and of course, we can learn about each one. The way we undestand tourism, the way we develop tourism, etc.

About sustainable tourism, I think that’s the key for the future. I discovered this when I studied in Norway for a year. Spain is a really turistic country but that gives a little importance to sustainable tourism. Currently, however, is waking up this interest to ensure that tourism is not as harmful to the country.

In this course, I think we’ll learn how to develop sustainable tourism and all that surrounds it with the help of ourselves (from many different countries and with different points of view and experiences)






My expectations.

Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

The short answer is that I expect to be dazzled by this course. Owing to my interests, it shouldn’t be a difficult task as even within the first week I’ve already seen myself eager for the course content.

The concepts of sustainability and tourism are two ideas that float around frequently in my head. I grew up in a small, eco-friendly state named Vermont in the US and, in the recent years of popularizing the term ‘green’, our state’s motto has become “We were Green…before Green was cool”. Granted, this is as much of a marketing scheme for-you guessed it- tourism as it is the inherent truth; nonetheless, the notions of sustainability and eco-awareness have been ingrained in me from a young age. A small national park is located in my hometown which asserts itself as the National Park whose focus is land stewardship and sustainability. Furthermore, Vermont (and Vermonters) don’t merely spout out these ideas to make them sound good, they have been tried and true practices. At the height of the Industrial Revolution in Vermont, the landscape was 80% deforested leaving farmers, lumberjacks, and mill workers at a loss for jobs due to landscape destruction. Today, due to a restructuring of our state economy and industry, the state is 80% forested and, for this reason, remains one of the top tourist destinations on the East Coast.

From the case of my home state, I am aware of the transformative power of sustainability practices which can lead to not only an increased awareness and protection of the environment, but also offer economic progress with the introduction of a new (or, at the very least, revitalized) industry. If Vermont, a state of only 620,000 people could transform itself in such a relatively short time, I wonder how sustainable tourism practices might also aid in transforming other areas around the world-whether developing or not.

Therefore, I expect to build on my already existing interest of these concepts and, perhaps, focus my energy to some more specific area. I think this course will help me garner the proper vocabulary and language of the industry (as I’ve never formally studied the tourism field) to be taken more seriously in the workplace. I also expect to be inspired by stories from my classmates from all over the world with sustainable development gone right and wrong and what we can learn from those mistakes.

Thank you for this opportunity!


Etivity 1

Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

During the three years of my bachelor I just received an overview of the insights and the knowledge needed for the decision-makings in the contest of tourism development and management, and the reason why I applied for the EMTM is to get the best training for this kind of activities.

As far as sustainability is concerned, I feel that I definitely need to strengthen my awareness about the threats our world faces and I would like to know which is the behavior that should be implemented in the field of tourism in order to preserve the resources and in order to maintain over time the process of changing that aims at sustainability.

I expect from this course that I’ll gain the competences not only for making the right decision in tourism policies, but also for explaining the other decision makers and the other stakeholders of the touristic phenomenon why they should choose to behave that way and why is it important  that they do it and do it as soon as possible.

I would like, at the end of the course, to own the necessary instruments and insights to be able to take into account the social, economic and environmental impact of tourism-related activities on destination when assessing or making decisions in this field; I would like to know how the tourist and other actors should be informed in order to attain this aim, and what are the most effective “communication channels” for involving all the stakeholders.

Sustainable Development and Animal Protection

Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

Hi everyone, I am coming from Serbia which is still a beginner in the tourism industry. You probably all know where Serbia is, but just a few of you have been there. I sincerely suggest you come and experience something fresh and new in tourism.

From this course I expect to learn basic principles of sustainability and know-how that I can implement in my country. I am especially interested in animal protection which can be related to sustainable tourism development. I think that Denmark has good examples of how animals can be involved in tourism and live in their natural environment at the same time. I really want to explore this area of sustainability because I believe that there is a sustainable option instead, for example, many zoos worldwide where animals live in cages for local people and tourists to be able to look at them. I would like to do some research about the deer park or seal safari here in Esbjerg. Do you know any good example on this subject?


Etivity 1 – Expectations from the course

Wednesday, September 14th, 2011

Dear colleagues,

Personally, I am one of the few people in this course that have never actually been actively involved in the tourism sector, even though I come from a very touristic country. I am positive that I always had the travel bug in me, but it wasn’t until the age of 18 that I first travelled abroad and since then I never stopped, realizing more and more how much I would actually love to be actively involved in the hospitality sector. Travelling for me was the inspiration that made me turn towards the tourism sector. It was some kind of epiphany of those that give you a direction in life and help you chase after the opportunities that could make you happier and more successful in years to come.

From this course I expect to receive some important knowledge on a topic that was up until now almost unknown to me: Greece is (in my opinion, but I also think it’s kinda obvious) one of these European countries that lack an organized general plan for sustainable development in touristic areas and, therefore, STD as an academic topic is practically untouched in the higher education system. Since Denmark is one of the countries that are more environmentally and socially aware than the average Western world country, I expect to learn much from the Danish way of thinking in this field, to learn more about destinations that have been growing in the country the last few years and see how their development was achieved in a way that achieves long-term sustainability. My goal is to absorb as much knowledge as possible to bring back home with me, in order to try to introduce through my future work all these practices into the Greek market in any way possible.

Personally, I am one of these people that love to work outdoors or see things and people in action, whenever of course this is possible. For that reason, I would expect throughout the course to see some examples of work from people that have worked in the touristic sector (in Denmark or abroad) and have set sustainable development as their goal. Their contribution could take the form of an independant guest lecture, or just a short intervention during the scheduled weekly lectures. Ideally, I would also like to visit a place in Denmark, which has been developped in a sustainable way, so that the whole idea of STD can also be printed in my head with an accompanying image.


Etivity 1

Tuesday, September 13th, 2011

Hi guys.

During my education as a Service Economist, tourism quickly caught my attention and my following path of choices led me towards tourism as my specialty. When I graduated as a Service Economist, I got my bachelors degree in Business Administration at University of Roskilde. I think that education served as a stepping stone for my further choice of education, and that is why I applied for this programme.

My curiosity about tourism and its development seems to persist, and that is why I find this course interesting. I ‘m eager to learn and expand my knowledge in order to use it in future jobs and I have great expectations for this course especially because I’m interested in learning more about dynamics of tourism development and how to implement sustainable tourism development in real life. I look forward to working and sharing ideas and experiences with you all, especially because we come from so many different countries with different cultures 🙂


Sustainable development or better world

Tuesday, September 13th, 2011

Hello :)

I’m travelling since I can remeber and because of that I saw a lot of Europe and countries wiht developed tourism, at least more developed as in Slovenia. Tourism in Slovenia is not so developed and have a lot of unused potential for expanding and that is one of the most important reason why I’m studying tourism. I decided to come to Denmark because Scandinavian countries have always been interesting to me with their social responsible government and flat land. :)

From course Sustainable Tourism development I’m expecting to get to know how to implement this in everyday practice in tourism and to have debate with professor and fellow students on many issues about sustainable tourism development and sustainable development in everyday life. Because we are coming from different countires and culutres and therefore we can present our point of view on what sustainable development means to us, because I think if we want to bring tourism to a whole new level we have to connect and not compete to each other.

The flame has already been lit

Tuesday, September 13th, 2011

Since I was 8 years old I have worked in an open air museum called Hjerl Hede. At that age I was a
part of the “living history” in the village every summer and winter and that’s how my interest in tourism started. In one way or another I have worked within the Danish tourism industry for many years, and the job at Hjerl Hede was what started
my curiosity and the flame inside me. I want to be a part of the development within the tourism industry both
national and international. This is also one of the reasons why I applied for the EMTM.

My expectations for this course are among other things to get to know you all much better, to know
where you come from. It is to understand and gain knowledge about how you see and think tourism in your countries, and what concerns and challenges you see ahead of us. I hope that I will achieve a larger horizon both professionally
and on a personal plan. I also expect that this course will give me a bigger knowledge in the felt of tourism, a professional approach to work in the tourism industry and a wide network around the world. I see the course as a big opportunity
to work and specialize within tourism and get a wider aspect of tools to handle and use within the tourism felt, but also to learn to put a question mark behind the new knowledge we get.

Sustainable Tourism is on everybody’s lips in the tourism industry, but is it possible to achieve in
such a degree, that we can say that we truly have achieved sustainable tourism? Worldwide I think there is a long way before we can say we have achieved that. Is it achievable to have worldwide sustainable tourism, and do they have the
same definition of sustainable tourism in Peru as we have in Denmark? Can you generalize sustainable tourism? What is our exact definition of sustainable tourism and how can we achieve it?

I still have a lot of questions and thoughts that’s not answered, but shortly I think it is achievable in some level, but it will be a never ending process and we have a long way ahead of us.



Phase 1 – Course Expectations

Sunday, September 11th, 2011

Hey Guys, my name is Yang Yang or you can call me albert instead.

I went to Singapore 6 years ago to purse my Diploma and Degree studies. My major is Hospitality and Tourism Management.

I’ve build up the basic acknowledgement of the Tourism Industry through my working experiences. By chance, I’ve joined education industry for almost 3 years and I’m planning to become a tutor one day. That’s the reason I came to Southern Denmark University.

I hope during my Master Studies, I can build a completely Tourism Knowledge System in both analyse and research directions; also to find a specialisation in my major, to get deep and further in tourism studies.

I hope I can get the chance to work with some tourism companies or authorities in realistic projects to help or assist them on their developments. To enrich both theory and practical experiences during my study.

In my opinion, from the macro side, Sustainable Tourism Development must planned with the policy makers and get the support from the government which has been enacted well in developed countries. There’s one story I want to share with you; every year, before Spring Ploughing, the whole island Singapore would be fulfilled with haze due to burning wood from the neighbour country. This give a terrible influence to Singapore Tourism industry. Air pollution caused delay of the air flight and outdoor activities were effected directly.

Singapore government has negotiated with the neighbour country and even founded fund for this, however, the neighbour government didn’t give a support in this matter, same things happened per year.

Form the micro side, I think there will be various new Sustainable Tourism Development projects come out. Like the Integrated Resort found in Singapore in Year 2009. Developers combined Hotel, Casino, Shopping Malls, Restaurants and Natural Park also Theme Park together in the resort area. Tourist can enjoy their holiday within the resort area which brings large revenue to the developer. This is only a small aspect in the Sustainable Tourism Development.

I hope we can become good friends during our studies and share with each other our stories and experiences in tourism and work together to solve those problems or issues during our studies.

Have a nice day! See you in the Campus.

Yang Yang / Albert

Etivity 1 – Why tourism- Vanessa Hinrichsen

Thursday, September 8th, 2011

Hey, my name is Vanessa and I´m a Dual Degree student from Germany. We´ve already been asked this question quite often and I never really know what to say, except of “Because I like to travel, I´m interested in different cultures and traditions and I love being able to communicate in different languages about other people´s experiences”. And that is basically the truth or the reason I´m studying tourism. As both my parents work in the catering industry, I got used to deal with unfamiliar people and the challenge to fulfill their needs. Next to that my parents used to host exchange students in our house which evoked my interest in different countries and travelling as I always watched people coming and leaving again, telling the most interesting stories of what happened to them during their journeys.

My plan for my future in the tourism industry is not to sit in an office and answer phone calls or to plan standardized vacations for the mass but rather to get into the idea of soft or sustainable tourism and work in that type of business. I would like to work for a company, either a tour operator or a hotel that cares about the indigenous people living in the area around and that is trying to involve them into the development tourism might bring along but without influencing their traditional way of living. I think for the future of tourism it is important to keep people in tourist destinations the way they are and don´t force them to adapt to the “western” way of life and to tourists cultures and behaviors.


Reasons for studying tourism

Thursday, September 8th, 2011

A few words about myself and why i want to study tourism. I am from Germany and moved to Esbjerg to study international tourism. When i graduated in summer 2010 i did not know what i wanted for the future. So I decided to go on a trip far away from my home, to find myself and my interests. After some set-backs because i could not follow my plan to make a practical on the Greenpeace ship Esperanza i concluded to go to Australia instead. So I took on a roadtrip for 5 month in Australia. My first impression of the Australien lifestyle changed my mind. It was magnificent how   many different cultures and people with  interesting background run into each other. I learned to come in contact with various personalities and I liked it.

Concluding I think that the tourism sector is the right thing to work with, it connects different countries and cultures in so many ways.

Me, myself and tourism

Thursday, September 8th, 2011

It is hard to tell exactly why, I chose to study tourism. Somehow it came naturally even though I have not travelled as much as others. I have always been told that I am an open person and I would like to use that quality in my future career. I have an interest in communication, negotiation and cooperation and I find other cultures instructive and interesting. I like the fact that we live in a global world and I find it important that Denmark is doing well as a tourist attraction. In my family we have always been very open to other nationalities, most of our friends are German and my father has been working with tourism on Langeland as a guide but also as a salesman. The tourism has been a part of the foundation that my grand grandfather’s family business was built on. I have been working at an Inn for over four years and I would like to learn more about event management, marketing and economy. I see myself working in Denmark, but who knows what the future holds? Actually, I applied for Hotel management, but I believe that this study will suit me as well. I would like to learn more about different types of tourism and I expect to be surprised and blown away! 🙂