BEST EN

BEST EN

Welcome to the BEST EN sustainable tourism lectures. BEST EN provides free teaching modules on sustainable tourism generated by BEST EN. The course material is open to educators, students and the industry to learn and collaborate for sustainable tourism education in the INNOTOUR platform.

Below is a video introduction to BEST EN by Dr. Dagmar Lund-Durlacher.


Each of the individual tutorials is comprised of a video, slides, literature and case study suggestions as well as students assignments aimed at the bachelor level. A blogging function is provided for feedback and commentary. The tutorials are created by scholars associated with BEST EN. A short introduction to the materials can be viewed below.


Teachers who are interested in contributing to the lecture series and further collaboration (e.g. joint student assignments) are referred to the Teachers & Tutors forum.

Cultural Responsibility as a Quality Aspect of Tourism Experiences

Cultural Responsibility as a Quality Aspect of Tourism Experiences

By discussing Sami culture in relation to tourism, this video problematizes the unrestrained massive commodification of indigenous culture for tourist audiences. The experts interviewed in the video draw special attention to cultural responsibility certification as a means to prevent the objectification and abuse of indigenous culture. In doing so, the “Sápmi Experience Quality Mark” is put in the spotlight as a certification programme aiming to promote tourism companies that are committed to offer genuine cultural experiences by guiding visitors through…

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Principles for Creating a Holistic Tourism Experience

Principles for Creating a Holistic Tourism Experience

Tourists seek holistic experiences. In the video different dimensions of tourist experience are discussed. The experts interviewed in the video open up these dimensions from theoretical and empirical viewpoints. The aim of the video is to provide the viewer with a basic understanding of tourist experiences and their sustainable production.

Bird-watching Routes as Collaborative Stakeholdership

Bird-watching Routes as Collaborative Stakeholdership

This lecture provides a quick overview of bird-watching tourism, including the size and scope of the activity and associated product development. Bird-watching routes have become a viable development option for the establishment of birding tourism as they promote stakeholder collaboration. Kriztian Vas presents some planning and implementation strategies for birding trails and assesses their suitability to be established across Europe.

Loal Networks as Sustainable Policy Instruments in Charleston, SC

Loal Networks as Sustainable Policy Instruments in Charleston, SC

In the context of the city of Charlston, South Carolina (USA) Karen examines the potential for communication network to serve as a policy instrument. The communication network among local hotel managers is defined, which extend city sponsored programs to encourage sustainable practices among local hotel managers.

Leadership as Nexus

Leadership as Nexus

Whitney and colleague Nancy McGee explore partnerships, power, and policy as important components of sustainable tourism. This discussion focuses on the central role of leadership in the integration and development of these sustainable tourism components.

Tourism concessions in National Parks: neo-liberal tools

Tourism concessions in National Parks: neo-liberal tools

This module/tutorial explores the implications for sustainable tourism in the National Parks of New Zealand as a result of recent changes on the governance regime for tourism concessions, introduced by decision makers of neo-liberal orientation to facilitate a ‘Conservation Economy’.

Policy, Politics & Governance through Stakeholder Values

Policy, Politics & Governance through Stakeholder Values

Dr. Stephen Wearing and Dr. Paul Chatterton examine some of the progress being made by REDD+ and examine how in other work in Community Based Ecotourism (CBET) there have been failures in implementing the on ground projects. They discuss what might be learned and how it might be implemented in the REDD Forest Climate Change Initiative.

Tourism entrepreneurship in action and stakeholders’ relationship

Tourism entrepreneurship in action and stakeholders’ relationship

In this presentation, we present the case of the “Heritage trails through Dolenjska and Bela krajina in SE Slovenia” by which sustainable rural development takes an integrated approach in terms of start-up, implementation and development and is supported by and benefits from the notion of a core of multiple stakeholders.

Tropical Communities as resources for Tourism or?

Tropical Communities as resources for Tourism or?

Dr Murphy reviews the barriers to sustainable tourism development faced by rural and developing regions and explores the notion of tourism and its potential contribution to community well-being, with a focus on Flora’s community capitals framework.

Tourism Development as Greek Tragedy

Tourism Development as Greek Tragedy

Professor Gianna Moscardo argues that while tourism is an applied field that can draw concpets from many disciplines, it has become very inward looking in its development of explanatory systems. This presentation looks outwards at the fields of internatioanl development and planning and adopts, what has been called in thess fields, a ‘tragic vision’ as tool for understanding how to improve sustainaile tourism development practice.

Hospitality of Sustainable Tourism Encounters: Experiences from Nicaragua

Hospitality of Sustainable Tourism Encounters: Experiences from Nicaragua

This lecture draws focus on the encounters between rural communities and tourism experts in the Northern highlands of Nicaragua. Emilie probes how respecting the priority of the welcome of the other, over responsibility for the other, could open up spaces for more ethical relationships in the spheres of tourism.

The paradox of poverty amidst the plenty of nature

The paradox of poverty amidst the plenty of nature

Dr. Felicité A. Fairer-Wessles discusses poverty alleviation and community empowerment for sustainable tourism development. She presents the case of the UNESCO World Heritage Site, iSimangaliso Wetlands Park in South Africa.

From city slicker to roo carer

From city slicker to roo carer

The journey of a wildlife volunteerism. Ms. Eunice Tan discusses key concepts in volunteer tourism,and relates this to a case of wildlife voluntourism experiences, learning and transformation of self.

Measuring tourism

Measuring tourism

Developing a regional level framework for assessing tourism impacts. Dr Elena Konovalo (with co-authors Drs Laurie Murphy and Gianna Moscardo) presents a systematic framework for measuring the social impacts of tourism.

Island Tourism Sustainability

Island Tourism Sustainability

This BEST EN lecture by prof. Jack Carlsen on the sustainability of island tourism discusses some of the common problems faced by islands of economic dependency, social insularity and ecological fragility. Jack Carlsen – Island Tourism Sustainability

The concept of sustainable development and its application to tourism

The concept of sustainable development and its application to tourism

By Prof. Janne Liburd, University of Southern Denmark (Denmark) This presentation introduces the concept of sustainable development and its application to tourism. Powerpoint slides: Conceptualising_STDb.pptx Literature suggestions: Liburd, J.J. and Edwards, D. (2010) Understanding the Sustainable Development of Tourism. Oxford: Goodfellow Publishers. Miller, G., Rathouse, K., Scarles, C., Holmes, K. and Tribe, J. (2010) Public understanding of sustainable tourism and leisure. Annals of Tourism Research Vol. 37 (3), 627–645. Schellhorn, M. (2010) Development for whom? Social justice and the business…

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Sustainable Luxury Tourism: Is such a thing possible?

Sustainable Luxury Tourism: Is such a thing possible?

By Prof. Gianna Moscardo, James Cook University (Australia) The module shows the complex relationship that exists between the concepts of luxury and sustainability in the accommodation sector. The following teaching material is provided: Powerpoint presentation including E-tivity:  Sustainable Luxury Tourism by Prof Gianna Moscardo Journal article:  Sustainable luxury oxomoron or comfortable bedfellows Websites – Tourism/luxury businesses that claim they offer sustainable luxury: http://www.sixsenses.com/soneva/ http://naturallyadvanced.wordpress.com/2012/04/02/7-sustainable-luxury-brands-making-eco-friendly-fashion/ http://www.authenticluxury.net/ Critiques of the concept http://socialsciences.arts.unsw.edu.au/tsw/ http://www.thesustainablemba.com/luxury-sustainable-or-not